Beyond the Cusp

November 27, 2013

A Convergence of Celebrations of G0d

There will be a convergence of the American holiday of Thanksgiving and the Jewish holiday of Chanukah this Thursday. While many are consuming their Thanksgiving turkey along with numerous family traditional dishes our Jewish friends will be lighting the Shamus candle then using it to light two more candles as it will be the second eve of Chanukah with the first day concluding at sundown, conveniently likely between football games (some traditions have been known to impinge on other older traditions and many count football among them). Both Chanukah and Thanksgiving are holidays honoring and remembering G0d, from whom all bounty originates. So, what are the actual histories of these two holidays?

 

Let’s take Thanksgiving first. We can actually thank one woman for the fact that Thanksgiving is a recognized national holiday and her name is Sarah Josepha Hale. She drove a one person lobbying effort for years in her pursuit of her single passion, making the holiday of Thanksgiving a national holiday insisting that the last Thursday of November for it to be celebrated annually across the United States. She would regularly file petitions with the sitting President of the United States pushing Presidents Taylor, Fillmore, Pierce and Buchanan all to no avail. Finally she found a receptive ear in a fellow religiously inspired President and one who it is said was of kind disposition and gentle character though not a man to be opposed or taken lightly. It was with the following words that on Oct. 3, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November from that day forth “as a day of Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the Heavens.” This did not bring Sarah Josepha Hale’s drive to make Thanksgiving the day we remember, or at last try to make it remembered in the same religious and dedicated spirit that she saw this great and oft mistaken for the start of the Christmas shopping season and college football playoffs, holiday to be. So, this year right before the Turkey is given the fateful first slicing why not say a quick thank you and toast the spirit of “The Godmother of Thanksgiving”, a title she definitely earned, to Sarah Josepha Hale. So, have a hearty fest and a peaceful and pleasant Thanksgiving to all.

 

Chanukah is so much more than a simple holiday over the one small flask which contained but a single day’s amount of oil that was still unopened and pure enough to be utilized to light the Holy Temple Lamps, even a single lamp yet that oil supplied their needs for eight full days, the same amount of time necessary to prepare new purified oil thus finally having a supply that would provide the lamps lighting and the Temple could once again serve the L0rd. Chanukah is more than a holiday celebrating the miraculous victory of the small band of Hebrews, Judeans, in their war of attrition which eventually ousted the Hellenistic Assyrian Greeks, one of the four empires which were set up when Alexander the Great divided his entire empire between four of his most loyal and finest generals upon his death. The Hellenistic culture worshiped the human form and considered the human as virtually godlike and, as is occurring in parts of Europe today, forbid the desecration of the human form thus outlawing circumcision as it was seen as defiling the infant and detracting from his perfection. Many Jews remained insistent on carrying out the circumcision of their male children even knowing that when caught the penalty was death. The best part of the story though is exactly how it is remembered that the revolt was initiated.

 

Many of the Jewish priests who cared for the Holy Temple in Jerusalem had allowed, as they were threatened and feared for their lives, pagan idols and pagan ceremonies to be held in the Holy Temple. When the Assyrian Greeks would travel into the remote areas outside of Jerusalem they usually would try to provoke the people knowing that they did not follow the Hellenistic ways and remained faithful to G0d which angered the Greeks. It was on one of these encounters where things went off on a tangent starting the revolution. The small village was tended by a priestly family by the name of Maccabees. When the Greek officer demanded that the father of this priestly family, Mattithias, make a sacrifice to one of the Greek gods he refused. There was a High Priest from the Holy Temple in Jerusalem who talked slightly aside with Mattithias in an attempt to persuade him that there was no harm in doing as commanded and that it would prevent giving the Greeks any reason to cause harm to the village or its villagers. Mattithias became enraged and stole the sword from the Greek officer’s scabbard and slayed the High Priest and then turned the sword upon the Greek officer killing him. His sons, who would be led by Judah after their father’s death, joined in and they slew a number of Greek soldiers. It was then that they realized that a larger contingency of soldiers would soon be in their village and they should head off into the Judean Hills and hide in some cave or remote place. It was what Mattithias then said that turned a family running for their lives into a well manned and soon armed small army of liberation. Before turning to flee Mattithias screamed, “Those who are with G0d come with me.” That rallying cry was the ignition of the revolution which had some of the worst odds of success. Fighting a mostly hide and ambush guerilla style war the small army eventually made retaining the small and insignificant strip of land too costly and the Greeks retreated. Then came the cleansing of the Temple and the rededication of the Temple and in turn the people as many had adopted Hellenistic practices and needed to be, as too many Jews today could use, a reeducation of what it meant to be a Jew and the covenant, commandments, Torah, religious rites, ceremonies and everything that makes a Jew Jewish. So have a happy Chanukah to our Jewish friends.

 

Beyond the Cusp

 

December 1, 2010

Happy Chanukah Maccabee Fighters of Judea

Filed under: Uncategorized — qwertster @ 12:29 PM
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Happy Chanukah Maccabee Fighters of Judea

In defiance against the cultural persecution of the Jews by the Seleucid Syrian-Greek Hellenists, the Jewish revolt was sparked by Mattathias the Hasmonean, patriarch of the Maccabees, who refused to obey the direct commands to violate the Laws of Torah. When called upon as the leader of his village to sacrifice to the Greek gods, Mattathias replied, “Though all the nations that are under the king’s dominion obey him, . . . yet will I, and my sons, and my brethren, walk in the covenant of our fathers.” After a skirmish where Mattathias and his sons slew the troops in their town of Modiin, he called out before taking to the hills, “Whoever is zealous for the Law, and maintaineth the covenant, let him follow me.” The fighting continued for three years until the occupying Seleucid Syrian-Greeks were driven from the lands of Judea. The story continues with the miracle of the single day’s amount of sanctified oil for the Temple Lamp lasting eight days, the amount of time it took for more Blessed Oil to be sanctified and readied.

Where Chanukah is so very significant today is in the geography of the Maccabee war against the occupiers of Jewish land. The battles and lands identified with the Jewish people was largely the lands north, south, and east of Jerusalem, today the land the world is telling the Jews is not their land. Perhaps the world needs to learn what happened to the Seleucid Syrian-Greek Hellenists and their King Antiochus IV when they tried to separate the Jews from their G-d and their Lands. Perhaps it is time for a modern day hero like Mattathias to rise against those who deny Jews their ancestral home. Perhaps he will have a son like Judah Maccabee to finish the fight and restore the ancient lands to the Jewish people. Perhaps, during this year’s Chanukah we can remind ourselves of our history, which includes Judea and Samaria as Jewish lands. Perhaps it is time to remember and to teach the world the truth.

Happy Chanukah. May the Festival of Lights fill our homes with the Light of Torah and the warmth of our kinship to our Holy Lands given us by the L-rd our G-d.

Beyond the Cusp

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