Beyond the Cusp

September 26, 2018

Europe Can Go To H&ll


Imagine any of the following headlines and what the world’s reaction would be to them. The first is, ‘Israel warns against Austria demolishing Roma camp outside Vienna.’ Another might be, ‘Israel warns against France demolishing Basque camp outside Bordeaux.’ You are probably getting the idea, but allow us one last one for good measure, ‘Israel warns against Germany demolishing Muslim enclave outside Frankfurt.’ In each of the above titles and ensuing articles would be met worldwide with derision and outright rejection. ‘Where does Israel get off making demands of other nations,’ would be the common theme of the responses from across Europe and the world. Such an offense would be sufficient for the recalling of Ambassadors for counseling on relations and potentially expelling the Israeli ambassador for a period of some weeks. There would be motions for sanction brought before the United Nations and even in the Security Council, such would be considered to have been a serious breach of protocols and any measure brought against Israel would likely not be blocked by the United States because Israel would have earned sanction for such a breach of international norms. But if such is the case, then please explain why this headline, ‘Eight countries warn Israel against demolishing Bedouin outpost ,’ is met with not even a single rebuke or claim that such is beyond international protocols? We all know why despite not wanting to air the reason that eight European countries at the United Nations, including five Security Council members, who were Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Belgium, Poland and the Netherlands were allowed without objections voiced a warning that the demolition of the village “would severely threaten the viability of the two-state solution.” Well, the Netherlands makes sense, as they were the tool used by the United States State Department in concert with a select group of largely unelected leftist activists from Israel headed by Yossi Beilin and Simon Peres that brought on the ‘Two State Solution’ turning the arch terrorist Yassir Arafat into an internationally recognized hero and statesman. The rest have acted in any way possible to attempt and put in place conditions which could only lead to the destruction of Israel and have often voted to censure Israel for anything even approaching a perceived slight and were gladly part of the Obama initialed United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334 which all but forces the 1949 Armistice Lines upon Israel which is an equation for the destruction of Tel Aviv within fifteen minutes of the first volley of rockets fired from such an Arab hostile state.


There is a simple reason why Israel is the center of contention, the recipient of universal bile and the most talked about nation in the United Nations, European Union and in many of the world’s capital cities. The war in Syria, no, we need to get Israel picked apart first. China’s having swallowed an entire nation, Tibet, and then forcefully transferred Tibetans from their homes to remote areas all over China and forcibly transferring Chinese into Tibet, which is a direct violation of all international norms, but Israel is much worse as they announced a potential to add an apartment building to Beit El. Russia simply militarily takes parts of Georgia and simply annexed the Crimea from the Ukraine, but Israel added a house to a ‘settlement’ yesterday. There is not a single item which can deter the world from their obsession with Israel and it is time for the world to simply look away and get real. Israel is not the cause or at the root of most of the great problems facing the world. If anything, it will be Israeli technologies such as their agricultural developments including but not limited to drip irrigation, crops able to grow in arid regions, plants which grow with poor quality water which will help nations whose rivers and irrigation systems are polluted, new hybrid fruits and vegetables, thermal imaging is used for water status mapping of crops, breeding of beneficial insects and mites for biological pest control, bumblebees for natural pollination in greenhouses and open fields, and sterile fruit flies to control this major pest in fruit trees, development of strains of potatoes that thrive in hot, dry climates, and can be irrigated by saltwater, the use of algae culture for fodder algae, dietary supplements, veterinary pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, bio-plastics and fertilizers plus fish farming in the desert and much, much more. The expertise of Israel in software development is already seen as a world renowned with specialties such as cyber protection, apps and R&D headquarters for numerous worldwide companies including but not limited to Google, Microsoft, Apple, Amazon, Dell and many, many more. If the world would simply meet the promises made after World War I given to the Zionist Congress and the Jewish People, then once peace is established, or at least a state of non-belligerence, imagine how much more Israel would be capable of giving the world. Instead, we face threats and demands from every corner of the world in addition to the threats on every border.


There are two bodies in the world which have gone above and beyond any measure of reason concerning Israel. The most obvious one is the United Nations but not far behind is the European Union and its partner nations. One might look at Europe and wonder, do they not have sufficient problems of their own that they have to go and meddle in Israeli problems. But the problem becomes clear and obvious once one takes a closer look into one of the fastest growing problems in the European continent from Britain to Greece. That problem is anti-Semitism, the same old anti-Semitism which has plagued Europe since around the sixth or seventh century BCE. Europe birthed its anti-Semitism with the Greeks when after their conquest of the Holy Land from the Persians decided that the Jews were barbarians largely due to their, according to the Greeks, disfiguring of the male human body by barbaric cutting of the foreskin, circumcision. The vicious anti-Jewish statements presumably began with Manetho about 270 BCE. Manetho’s anti-Jewish writings may have originated in Egypt and been spread by Greek retelling of Ancient Egyptian prejudice against the Jewish People. The beginning of Greek anti-Semitism is traceable to the time soon after their conquest of Alexandria and their mixing with the Egyptian culture with which there was an existing animosity. The Greeks decreed that circumcision would meet with the death penalty, both the Mohel for conducting the act, the father for allowing the act and the child for the disfigurement, the deformation the act caused. The rule was also an attempt to make Judaism impracticable allowing for conversion of the Jews. The Greeks were not the first to use this method as it had been ordered by the Babylonians though it was not rigorously enforced. The Romans soon adopted the same views of the Greeks even going to the point of banning circumcision. Another practice was to ban the reading of Torah or teaching the Torah which began the practice of reading the other books in the Bible, namely the Prophets and Judges. These were often read in Arabic or Aramaic which were languages not often known to the Romans and Greeks. Europe, when it became Christian under the Roman Emperor Constantine after he saw a sign in the form of the cross before he won a decisive battle, continued with their hatreds against the Jews who were now labeled as the Christ Killer making them guilty of the crime of Deicide. Europe’s history reaches back long into its formative history and appears to have had origins from out of Ancient Egypt who were still upset over that whole Moses episode.


Burning Israel Star of David


One might hope that Europe could finally put anti-Semitism behind them just as they have put so many other things down from their past. The Romans replaced the Greek gods and the adopting of Christianity soon put an end to the Roman gods. Then there was the Reformation which split Christianity into several different branches, all of which claim to be the sole truth, but somehow they got beyond hating and warring with one another; then there were the wars of nationality and empire with the likes of Charlemagne and Napoleon. The wars between the French, British and Spanish, as for seemingly centuries these three paired off and fought between themselves and they got over that; and the two great wars for which Germany was blamed along with Austria-Hungarian Empire in the first which included the Ottoman Empire in that war after which came the Mandate System from which Israel was reborn; and this last point is the one Europe just does not seem to be cap-able of getting past and allowing it to simply be. The European anti-Semitism has ancient roots but for centuries was inflamed and enraged by the Church and after the Reformation, many of the Protestant faiths appeared to actually compete to see which one could spew and act violently upon the Jews. There was this hatred from Spanish Inquisition on through Nazi Germany and still Europe does not appear to have found their way around this affliction. Europe has even largely put the entirety of Judeo-Christian ethic behind them adopting this new religion of secular-humanism. The claim is that secular-humanism cannot be a religion because it has the word secular in it which has as one of its meanings anti-religious. The reality is that it is only anti-religious against those religions which have a Judeo-Christian heritage. But the dogma which makes up the cannon, the religious dogma, for secular-humanism begins with socialism and then follows the litany of approved leftist causes such as feminism, ecology (even to the point of accepting Gaia as a god), anti-war, LGBTQIA, anti-Trump, BLM, BDS and all the rest which are included into intersectionality. What also is obviously apparent is that anti-Israelism, anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism are also included, though often denied, as instrumental in defining those causes included amongst intersectionality. This is the forthcoming new religion of secular-humanism as defined by intersectionality which is alive and well and in the United States is also inclusive of “The Resistance” which is dedicated to the impossible dream of pushing Trump from the Presidency and placing Hillary into the White House as the actual, correct, honest and true winner of the last election. Europe has been a socialist, leftist so-called paradise for years with an ever leftward flow with an occasional rightward jerk towards the center about once every decade or two in each member nation. Britain has currently held the longest streak for moving to the right and getting ever closer to the center, but this correction has been predicted to end with the election of Jeremy Corbin to the Prime Minister position when the Labor Party joins together the next ruling coalition. Meanwhile, Germany has had one of the longest slow-drifts leftward with the leadership of Angela Merkel as Chancellor with Italy also vying for the top spot.

These political realities have brought to the fore in Europe an inherent anti-Semitism which is displayed through their anti-Israel biases. Their preoccupation with even the smallest acts within the government of Israel even to the enforcement of building codes and the removal of structures which were built without permits, which are basically deficient and uninhabitable; lack utilities such as electricity, gas, water, sewage or even trash removal; lack roads connecting them with the remainder of the country and were illegally constructed on lands where there already existed building plans approved by the government. This specific ‘outpost’ or ‘Bedouin village’ as it has been misrepresented, has been ordered for destruction numerous times over the past two and a half decades but every time either the Palestinian Authority or some NGO has petitioned the Israeli Supreme Court to prevent the demolition and the court has refused every time. The problem is it cannot be demolished as long as there is a petition before the Supreme Court and the Arabs and their friends know this which is why they would probably invent a new NGO just to file again. There has even been a movement now to take these petitions to a higher court, namely the International Criminal Court. The sole reason for this uninhabitable outpost or village or collection of useless buildings without even the most basic necessities was to prevent Israel from building between Kfar Adumim and Jerusalem as such construction would presumably make the Israeli claims to Jerusalem stronger. We have some bad news for the Palestinian Arabs on this front, Israel has already annexed the entirety of Jerusalem and the Arabs residing within the city have a form of Israeli citizenship allowing them votes in city-wide elections, any even more localized elections, healthcare, and all other rights with the exception of voting in national elections, and this limitation will end in the future and this will finalize their formal acceptance into mainstream Israeli society. But anything to poke a finger into Israel’s eye could be the new motto for many of the European governments.


Bronze Star of David


As we stated with our initial question, what would the world’s, and particularly the European’s, reactions be to headlines reading, ‘Israel warns against Austria demolishing Roma camp outside Vienna.’ Another might be, ‘Israel warns against France demolishing Basque camp outside Bordeaux’ or ‘Israel warns against Germany demolishing Muslim enclave outside Frankfurt?’ Israel would become the laughing stock of the world and jokes would abound, and rightfully so. Israel has absolutely no right to insist on anything concerning such internal matters of a European country. But for some reason when the title is ‘Eight countries warn Israel against demolishing Bedouin outpost,’ then the world sits up and screams hearings, hearings, this must be denounced as inhuman. The only thing inhuman about this is the housing Israel is attempting to replace. The truth is that the way the Europeans are fighting this, one might come to the conclusion that this is amongst the ‘villages’ built by the European Union presumably for the Arabs in the region legally belonging to Israel. The complaint they claim which forces them to build without utilities or legal permit is because it is very difficult to get building permits for Palestinian Arab construction in the Israeli controlled areas. Well go figure. We bet it is difficult for someone from Greece to build housing for Greeks in Spain or for Germans to build a German village in the Czech Republic. Imagine that it is difficult to obtain permission to build in a foreign controlled region. We will state this once again, Areas A and B are for Arab construction and is where over 90% of the Palestinian Arabs reside, since the ones in Jerusalem are actually more Israeli than Palestinian, and Area C was denoted for Israeli control, building and security. If this is unclear to the Europeans, they can only blame their adding pressures for the Oslo Accords and perhaps they should read them again to familiarize themselves with who received rights to what. Perhaps, while they are looking up documents as to who gets what, in the end, the land west of the Jordan River belongs to Israel until she actually signs away her rights such as she did mistakenly with Gaza. Israel is not about to allow for another Gaza to be placed overlooking the Tel Aviv region and within range of even the most simple of rockets as displayed below in the map of Katyusha Rocket Range by Mark Langfan. The Katyusha Rocket is a simple rocket which is mass produced in Gaza and in Lebanon and has been a favorite rocket of Guerilla fighters around the world. It was first used by the Soviet troops against the Germans in World War II and was widely distributed by the Soviet Union to their surrogate forces around the world including the Arab nations surrounding Israel. But that is only the least dangerous of rockets as once Hamas would take over any Palestinian Arab state, then the manufacture of rockets would improve significantly and would easily include all the rockets indicated in the chart below, and possibly more.


Katyusha Rocket Range by Mark Langfan Depicting the Near Complete Coverage of the Heart of Israel by Even the Smallest Home-made Rockets Both Hamas and Fatah Are Capable of Producing in Bulk

Katyusha Rocket Range by Mark Langfan
Depicting the Near Complete Coverage
of the Heart of Israel by Even the Smallest
Home-made Rockets Both Hamas and Fatah
Are Capable of Producing in Bulk


Hamas Rockets and Missiles Nomenclature, Ranges and Payloads


Of course, the European governments are fully aware that as soon as any Palestinian Arab state would be formed out of any region of the Shomron (West Bank), Hamas would either take over in the first election and barring an election, then simply through killing anyone who thought they were in charge. That was how they took over Gaza and any new area granted to the Palestinian Arabs would not be one slight bit different. When Hamas took control of Gaza they were supported only by the Muslim Brotherhood. Now they have added a new friend to the list, Iran. We thought it strange that Iran, a Shiite state, would support Hamas, a Sunni revolutionary state, but hating Israel is a strong bonding agent, as we have witnessed in Europe as well. Hamas, once they take control in whatever area might be gifted to the Palestinian Arabs and Mahmoud Abbas, they would start importing heavy weapons from Syria including Hezballah troops and IRGC units. Israel would be facing a fully armed Iranian proxy on three fronts, Hezballah in Lebanon, Syria, Hezballah and IRGC from Syria and Hamas with Hezballah and IRGC in the Shomron. This is a guaranteed formula for a massive war which could escalate even further should Iran decide to launch ballistic missiles into Israel from within Iran or Iraq as they pleased and those weapons from Iraq could be topped with nuclear warheads as well as chemical warheads from Iran or Syria. These are not situations the world should be encouraging. If the world desires to avoid such a confrontation, then the best course is supporting Israel, but supporting Jewish things is so difficult for so much of the world as depicted here.


Beyond the Cusp


May 3, 2017

Israel Just Turned Sixty-Nine


The renewed State of Israel just turned sixty-nine in the usual emotionally roller-coaster ride. In Israel there is an unique lead in to celebrating the rebirth of the nation state for the Israelite People, also known in modern time as the Jews (more on that in a bit). A little while before the celebratory day we commemorate the remembrance of those lost in the Holocaust. Then the day immediately before Independence day we commemorate all those who have fallen in our defensive struggle to remain a thriving and wonderful nation, but we might be a tad bit biased as citizens living in Israel and very happy with our choice to make Aliyah. Memorial Day includes the soldiers and civilians including Christians, Muslims, Arabs, Bedouins, Druze, Baha’I, other racial and religious peoples who are represented in the society which is Israel and, of course, the Jews. Memorial Day also includes all of the above who have died or suffered debilitating and life altering injuries due to terrorism. Needless to point out, this is a very solemn day filled with tears and sorrow until sundown. That is when a transformation takes place that unless witnessed is impossible to envision. Sundown on the Jewish calendar marks the start of the next day, Independence Day and some of the highest spirits and joyous occasions in all of Israel. People dance in the streets, sing joyously, some pray, some chant their prayer aloud in the street, others soak it all in and are filled with a satisfaction and a warm glowing joy. Then there are of course speeches by politicians (something we unfortunately cannot prevent as they will talk, that is their job, to talk us into submission), singing (this is great usually even if in Hebrew and you do not yet speak Hebrew), dancing both with and without singing, music and in the midst of all this they launch a good half an hour or more of fireworks, and all this is in the town center of one of the smaller cities in Israel. If one wished to sit atop one of the twenty or thirty story building’s roofs, then they could gather in the little fact that the suburbs, other downtown neighborhoods, the neighboring Kibbutzim and all over the area there would be other fireworks and the sky would light up in sparkling explosions and bright sprinkles of joy in almost every direction one would look, well, except west as the Mediterranean Sea is west of our town.


Well, time for a short bit of history and why Israelite became to be known as Jews. If one were to take the refounding of the State for the Israelite People with Jerusalem as their Capital City, then Israel in approximately three-thousand-one-hundred-fifty-years old. That is because somewhere between 1,000 BCE and 1150 BCE King David took an elite group from his army and entered Jerusalem (Yerushalayim) in the middle of the night and took care of the majority of the night guard, took over the main gates and opened them to allow the rest of the Israelite army to enter Yerushalayim. From that day forward, Yerushalayim became the Capital City of Israel and the Israelite People such that wherever they would reside they prayed facing Yerushalayim. Many of their services, especially the Passover Haggadah, end with the final phrase of, “Next Year in Yerushalayim.” History would note that King David’s son, King Solomon would build the Temple to Hashem allowing for a place for Hashem’s presence on Earth to settle. The Ark of the Covenant rested within the Holy of Holies, the central chamber within a chamber within the Temple. Only the Cohen Gadol (Heb. כהן גדול) was permitted to enter and then only on Yom Kippur when he was to atone and account for the people’s sins and the state of Israelite society and its reverence towards Torah. The Cohen Gadol would have a strong narrow rope capable of dragging his remains from the chamber attached to his ankle in case the recounting went badly. There are many accountings of attributes, the positions the Cherubim would face atop the Ark of the Covenant and other strict rules on how the Cohen Gadol was to prepare for entering the Holy of Holies. Let it rest that we are quite glad that we could never qualify for the position.


There was the instance when during a war the Israelites lost the Ark of the Covenant allowing the Ark to be captured in a battle they lost because they took the Ark of the Covenant without having been instructed by Hashem to do so. Things went quite badly for whatever city it was harbored. City after city would pass it off to save themselves and finally they begged the Israelites to take the accursed item back and never to allow it in their lands again. The Israelites took the Ark of the Covenant back with great joy and great care in handling the Ark. The Temple was subsequently destroyed by the Babylonians and the Ark of the Covenant was nowhere to be found and has remained in hiding ever since. Also between the building of the First Temple and the Babylonian conquest and destruction of Yerushalayim and the Temple when Solomon dies the nations split into two kingdoms, the Northern Kingdom held ten tribes plus their priests and was named Israel and the southern nations was called Judea as it was made up of Juda and Benyamin, two tribes and Juda was the larger of the two. Judea also controlled Yerushalayim. The Assyrians conquered the Northern Kingdom of Israel and never were they heard from until recently since the formation of the State of Israel, where these tribes emerge from around the globe and have proven genetic links to the Nation of Israel and the Israelite People. They were, and oft still are, referred to as the ten lost tribes of Israel. The Southern Nation continued until the Roman dispersion and their people were referred to as Judeans, which over time shortened and shortened until Judean became Jude and finally simply became Jew.


While in captivity, the Babylonians demanded our Priests sing songs for them so they wrote the Song of Babylon, which includes a very strong reference to the special place Yerushalayim plays in the lives of the Israelites. The Song of Babylon is also known as Psalms – Chapter 137 and those special lines are below.

Sing for us of the song of Zion.
How shall we sing the song of the Lord on foreign soil?
If I forget you, O Jerusalem, may my right hand forget its skill (lose its cunning and strength)
May my tongue cling to my palate (roof of my mouth), if I do not remember you,
if I do not bring up Jerusalem at the beginning of my joy.
Remember, O Lord, for the sons of Edom, the day of Jerusalem, those who say,
“Raze it, raze it, down to its foundation!”

Babylon fell to Cyrus the Great who received the title of Great because he allowed the Israelites to return home to rebuild their Temple and worship Hashem. Truth be told, just as in Egypt with the Exodus, far less than half the Jews took the offer to return and reclaim their lands and make them productive. Many claim that both times the number was merely ten percent, we like to believe we could get at least double if not two and a half times as many, a full quarter of the Israelites. But many remained throughout the Persian Empire. Things went well until a descendent of one of the Israelites old enemies came back to haunt them. His name was Haman and he was the Visor (top advisor) to King Achashverosh. King Achashverosh called for his wife, Queen Vashti and her reply was, “No.” This angered King Achashverosh so he had her removed from her position as the Queen by beheading her. King Achashverosh held a contest to choose a new wife; a Jewess named Esther won and became Queen of Persia. Haman persuaded King Achashverosh that the Jews were a threat to his throne and had a Royal Order sent to all the regions that the Jews be killed on a set day. Esther’s Uncle Mordechai told her of these plans and asked her to intervene with the King, which at first she shrank from the task, but was persuaded to act. King Achashverosh could not repeal his first order so he issued a new order demanding that the Jews fight back and let the true people persevere. Haman and his sons hanged on the very gallows they had built to use on the Jews and on that fateful day the Jews won out and more anti-Semites died that day than any other day in history.


After this, there was a brief period of calm and then came the Greeks and Alexander who found circumcision to be abhorrent as they worshiped the human form and thought people to be born with perfection and it was an anathema to them to cut or change the body in any manner. Many Jews could not accept their making circumcision illegal and circumcision was simple to discern and once detected they faced sentencing to death. This caused them to live hidden in the caves of the Judean Hills away from the prying eyes of the Greek soldiers and officials. The Jews survived the Greeks despite many Jews being tempted and turning to following the Greek worship of idols. These were called Hellenized Jews and were very similar in many ways to the American and European Jews who have slowly over the years turned from their religion and now act as if they were gentiles in all manners except for attending church, but then many Europeans and a fair number of Americans, mostly leftists, also do not attend church. Then the Romans came replacing the Greeks and not much changed until the Jews managed to win their freedom briefly from the Romans who returned in force, defeated the Jews, and passed new restrictive laws in the hope it would break their will and force them to be Roman. Apparently, they were not familiar with Torah where the Israelites are often referred to as a stiff-necked people and stubborn beyond measure. The Jews managed the impossible and threw off Roman Rule a second time, Rome sent several legions, and this defeat was definitive. They dispersed much of the Jewish population to the far corners of their empire and everywhere in between with the hope that this dispersion would be the end of the Jewish People. Rome understood that a people without any connection to land became weak-willed and soon lost any mutual ties and became estranged and their being a nation terminated. The Jews were different because they were not tied to the land as much as they were tied to Torah, and the Romans could not take Torah away from the Jews, they had it memorized along with commentary, customs, celebrations and every iota which was within. This was the precious heritage that they passed on generation-to-generation and what kept the Jewish People defined as a people. It is Torah, which also is found in some traceable form that most of these tribes being discovered still observe to this day. They continue to observe the Sabbath from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday and hold the Seder for Passover and every other tradition plus a few new ones commemorating great miracles in their lives.


Timeline of Ancient Israelites from Abraham to the Roman Conquest


All of this brings us to the pertinent question, did Israel just turn sixty-nine as it was born in 1948, or was this the celebration of Israel turning somewhere around three-thousand-two-hundred-fifty years old from the anointing of the first King of Israel, King Saul? But that leaves out Moses which brings us to this being the three-thousand-four-hundred plus years old and even this is incomplete as the very first Israelite to live in the land of Israel was Abraham and from his founding of the start of a family, a religion, the following of Hashem and the rules he would teach to Moses all placed within Torah along with the History of a people. So the origin of the Israelite People and the Jewish religion begins with our Patriarchs and Matriarchs named Abraham, Izaak, and Jacob along with Sarah, Rebecca, Leah and Rachel. This makes this birthday approximately the four-thousand-seventeenth birthday as Abraham was estimated to have arrived in Canaan somewhere around 2000 BCE. The timeline above places Abraham appearance to be 2166 BCE, which makes our final approximation four-thousand-one-hundred-eighty-three years old, so have a happy, healthy and wonderful 4183rd birthday Nation of Israel. As we are writing this on Independence Day afternoon, we need to go to a picnic because in Israel we celebrate Independence Day much as it is everywhere, we go to morning religious services and a Bar-B-Q in the afternoon where there is lots of Kosher meat and no ice cream, it’s that meat and milk thing, so, good-bye for now.


Beyond the Cusp


December 25, 2016

Israel; Whose Land is it Anyways?


This will be a short piece, or so is our intent. We have been watching another argument as to whether a piece of Judea and Samaria where parts of Amona are situated is Jewish land or Arab land. Without demanding deeds or other proof, the leftist Israeli Supreme Court decided that since if an Arab is monetarily for real estate they own they will be put to death by their semiautonomous governance under, you will love this, former Jordanian law which makes selling land to a Jew a capital offense. Thus if an Arab claims land on which Jews reside, the Jewish homes must be destroyed as the land may not be purchased. Jordanian law when they were removed from their illegal occupation over half a century ago? Who does such insanity? The Palestinian Authority and the Israeli left are mostly fanatics who are definitively anti-Zionist and fully a subsidiary of European governments, the European Union and European NGOs who masquerade as human rights groups watching out for Palestinian Arab rights but not their betterment. They have no regard or care that the Arab Palestinian has no right as to how to profit or dispense their land and never want to either as they prefer being able to dismantle their homeland piece by piece. By their standards we should bring a Palestinian Arab’s claim from, oh, say Beverly Hills, who claims to have owned the lands under their leadership’s home and see what the Supreme Court, and they as well, would do. If they did not order a demolition in Tel Aviv then we would reveal a sad case of hypocrisy. But let us look for a moment on land and who really owns it.


Who owns land which had been occupied and lived on as long as the State of Israel as defined as from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea all depends on the when. That is, to what period of time are we referring? Remember the Canaanites? Well, during the time of Abraham they were ruled by several kingships so no one entity ruled the lands we will define as Israel for this exercise and as a form of simplicity. The Canaanite lands were, at times, conquered, and thus owned, by the Hittites. So perhaps we should reference Hittite law. Then often the Hittites were pushed out and replaced by the Egyptians (not the same people as the Egyptians of today) so perhaps we should be applying the appropriate law of Pharaohs. After the Exodus the Israelites were ruled by individual Tribal leaders and overall by the Prophets and Judges who applied Torah law and their own Hashem directed judgements which would require some extremely special people who are likely rarer than hens teeth. Then Israelite Kings Saul, David, Solomon etc. also owned the lands so perhaps a return to their laws, Torah laws. The Babylonians occupied these lands so perhaps we need apply Babylonian law. Then Israel was a semiautonomous province of the Persians which would demand a mix of Torah and Persian laws of Cyrus the Great through a series of successive kingships. Then there were the Greeks, the Polemic Greeks, the Assyrian Greeks, the Romans, Byzantines then finally the first Arabs of the Caliphate, then a series of Arab and Kurdish rulers, then the Ottoman Turks, then the British. Apparently about the only world powers not to ever have possessed these lands are the French, the Spanish, the Portuguese, the Netherlands, the United States and the Duchy of Grand Fenwick. Obviously, when it comes to whose laws under which Israeli society, even in the territories, should be ruled, there could be many differing views depending which governance you prefer over the past almost five millennia.


Grand Seal of the Duchy of Grand Fenwick

While we are talking about such things as what rules, should all of Lebanon south of the Litani River be ruled under the laws of the Israelites when the Twelve Tribes were ruled separate placing much of that land under the Tribes of Asher, Naphtali and Dan? Then there is the question of what rules for Syria. While much of Syrian history had a similar set of rulers by kingdoms similar to those which ruled over the lands of Israel with the biggest differences being the French instead of the British and the Assyrians and some of the Kurdish and Arab rulers using Damascus as their capital city making them a kind of home body, there was a period under the rules of King David and Solomon when Syria was conquered largely by the Israelites. Egypt has had outside rulers. Iran used to be Persia until recent history and was at one time ruled by the Mongols. The United States consisted of a great number of Native American nations, parts were ruled by the French, the Spanish and the Russians and both Texas and Hawaii were at one time nations of their own (the Republic of Texas and the Kingdom of Hawaii). The Kingdom of Hawaii was established in 1795 and in 1810 the entirety of the archipelago was unified when Kauaʻi and Niʻihau joined the kingdom willingly and without bloodshed or war. Absolute power was vested in the King by a Constitution drafted in 1887. The succeeding Queen attempted to return to the “old ways” but she was overthrown in 1893 largely at the hands of the American plantation owners and American society. Hawaii remained a Republic until annexed by the United States in 1898 and was finally made a state on August 21, 1959. Descendants of the monarchy are alive today but who would be the rightful heir to the throne is debatable with many likely to claim that lineage, but the need is unlikely to arise except maybe to marshal a parade. Many, if not every, nations have had multiple claims to sovereignty over their soil. The British, Spanish and Arabs are three of the largest colonial powers with only the Arabs continuing to hold rule over most of the lands they conquered between 622 and 750 (see map below). One could easily claim that the Arab expansive empire has been the longest enduring of empires with the longest history of colonialism. But when your religion claims that the entirety of the world was made simply to be placed under your rule, perhaps such explains why in their minds they have been denied their rightful ownership of everything.


Islamic Expansion

Islamic Expansion


Back to Israel and which rules should be followed. If one were to ask which legal system has ruled Israel the longest, that answer would surprise most other than students of ancient history and Torah. The area of Israel was ruled by the Israelite people (incorrectly referred to as Jews because Jews was a shortening for Judeans which were those of the Kingdom of Judah which was the southern kingdom when the Israelites split into the northern kingdom of Israel which contained ten tribes and the southern kingdom of Judah with two tribes, see map below) were ruled by Torah. The strictness of its application has wavered during those times but it was the basis of rule from the time of Joshua through the times of Prophets and Judges and through the Kingdoms ruled by Saul, David and Solomon and a presumably beyond though many of the observances grew lax at times causing misery and troubles for the Israelite people. Even after the Kingdom split into northern and southern kingdoms, both presumably remained ruled by Torah though again exactitude was not maintained. Jewish history blames the eventual conquest of Israel and Judah and all other conquests on the lack of observance by the people as a whole, something which does have a ring of truth about it. Under such history, perhaps Israel as a whole should be following the Torah and we are not ones who would argue with such.


Kingdoms of Israel and Judah and Surrounding States

Kingdoms of Israel and Judah and Surrounding States


Israel becoming a Torah observant nation where Torah rules would be the source for the laws of the land would present many a difficulty. The first item is the applicable laws for the society would be the Oral Law. In ancient Israel (and Judah) the Oral Law was exactly that, oral. As such the Oral Law could be adapted to different societal needs. As the situations and the civilization changed, some might say advanced, we will call it transitioning to new discoveries and realities, the Oral Law was flexible enough to adapt to the changes. These alterations in the law would be gradual and likely not overtly evident as time passed. The Prophets and learned Rabbis, pending on the period, would advise on Torah and the level of stringency demanded to keep the Oral Law within the guidelines of Torah which while not changing the revelations within the Torah would come out as understanding of the world around us progressed. When the Romans spread the remainder of the Judeans to the far corners of the Roman Empire the Rabbinate decided that as the people were now dispersed there needed to be a more defined and stringent Oral Law and this situation necessitated writing the Oral Law into codified texts. This resulted in a work over many generations where the Talmud was written. None of us are Talmud scholars so we will not even attempt to describe the discussions and how conclusions were reached or any of the other particulars and leave that to individual interests to spur any further research. Warning, understanding Talmud can take a lifetime of intense study and where a formal education cycle averages seven years.


The Talmud is defined as having two components: the Mishnah (Hebrew: משנה, c. 200 CE), a written compendium of Rabbinic Judaism’s Oral Torah, and the Gomorrah (c. 500 CE), an elucidation of the Mishnah and related Tannaitic writings that often ventures onto other subjects and expounds broadly on the Hebrew Bible. Whatever the definition, the important item are the dates when it was debated generally and compiled. While more commentaries have followed, one would not find corporate law or other required rules for a modern society in its pages. Yes, much of it might apply but too much of modern life is outside the strict definitions and other sections have been relegated unnecessary by modern conveniences. Much of the writings deal with day to day living as a Jew and observances and other religious determinations as it was composed as a religious guide as the Jews were living under sets of secular laws other than Torah or Jewish law and the Talmud simply was the guide to maintain a Jewish compliant life. Israel requires a complete set of laws if the nation of Israel were to come under Torah law. This would require a whole new and different Oral Law which would be partially written codes and social laws which would hopefully largely remain oral and flexible. As stated above, it was an Oral Law for a reason but the life and society were quite a bit more simple two to four thousand years ago and the laws were largely interpersonal relations and simple property rules. The laws were few enough that they did not require being written though we can be assured that records were kept and laws governing taxes and the like were written though they were subject to change at a moment’s notice. When it comes to fees and taxes, at least that has not changed as anyone attempting to understand IRS codes fully understands. So, before Israel can even consider becoming a nation once again ruled by Torah, the Rabbinate need get very busy composing a new Oral Code of Law which is complete enough to justify trusting Israeli society to Torah judges. Just for the record, these Torah judges should be appointed by some combination of the Rabbinate and the people in each community where the communities have the greater say in who will stand in judgement of their lives. This will take quite a while and we would bet that by the time the new laws are ready and approved that Israel will have evolved to a point where such a change will be welcomed.


One last note, for those waiting for the reaction to the Security Council vote, tomorrow, hopefully tomorrow.


Beyond the Cusp


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