Beyond the Cusp

April 19, 2018

Berlin Street Assault on Kippah Wearing Teen Sign of Epidemic Anti-Semitism

 

Below we will include a video of a Kippah wearing teen taken by the victim, which explains the shaky and disjunctive shots, being assaulted and whipped with a belt by another youth. We will begin with an interview taken in Hebrew by The Times of Israel. The Jewish Kippah wearing youth was quoted telling of the events, “It happened right here, next to my home, when I was on my way to the train station with my friend. The truth is, I’m surprised something like this happened to me. I’m still in shock. We came out of our home, my friend and I, wearing our Kippahs, and walked down the street. We weren’t talking with anyone else. Three people came from over there” (points down the street from where attacker came) “and started cursing us from over there. We didn’t talk to anyone, didn’t answer them. So when they kept cursing us, my friend asked them to stop cursing, and that got them angry. So one of them ran at me. I immediately felt it was important to film, because I didn’t think we could catch him before police arrived. I wanted to give police something to go on.”

 

 

Levi Salomon, spokesman from Jewish Forum for Democracy and Against Antisemitism stated, “This shows that Jewish people are not safe here either.” Well, if by here he means throughout Europe and not just Berlin, then we are forced by events to agree. This is not reserved just for Europe as similar reports have come from South Africa, Australia and even North America. Even some of the most innocuous of protests where one would expect inclusion, the Women’s March after the Inauguration of President Trump a year ago January anti-Semitism reared its head at numerous locations across the nation. The most obvious was the rejection of a group of women who supported everything the march represented but their being Zionists lead to their being refused and rejected by the organizers of the Women’s March. There are dozens of stories such as Can You Be a Zionist Feminist? Linda Sarsour Says No and By Rejecting Jews, Intersectionality Betrays Itself plus ADL CEO: Boycott of Scarlett Johansson’s Women’s March Speech was “Contemptible” as well as I’m Glad the Dyke March Banned Jewish Stars additionally here in Three asked to leave Chicago LGBT march over ‘triggering’ Star of David flags (see picture below) and lastly also here in Everything You Need to Know About Anti-Semitism in the Women’s March Movement. Here are examples of the people who claim that they are for everyone’s freedom, well, I guess we need to add as long as they hate Israel, anything less makes one instantly into some kind of monster to be shunned and refused even the smallest sympathy or respect normally offered a human-being. We are talking about people on the all loving, all hugging leftern-most left of the far left wing, the ones who define the feminist wing of the Democrat and other leftist Parties and the ones who define who is to be seen and treated as a rightful female personage. Apparently Jews or anyone who has a love of Israel, any Zionist inclinations, are less than human and are likely just what Linda Sarsour was raised to believe from the Quran, Zionists are the apes and pigs as explained by MEMRI and further it is explained that the Jews are said to be turned into apes and swine for generally disbelieving in Allah’s revelations. Ms. Sarsour has not travelled far from the teaching from her youth as she refuses to permit Jews because they support the Jewish State and goes further to blame Israel for the sins of the Palestinian Authority and Hamas who are the actual oppressors of the Palestinians she claims reside in Israel. The Palestinian Arabs are separate from the Israeli Arabs and live under self-rule. Israeli Arabs have full and equal rights with Israeli Jews as do Israelis of every religion from Baha’i to Buddhist to Christian and every other religion including Islam in all its variants, something not even true in the vast majority of Arab states where they prefer one version of Islam over the others.

 

Participants in the San Francisco Pride Parade Showing Their Jewish and Israeli pride as well

Participants in the San Francisco Pride Parade
Showing Their Jewish and Israeli pride as well

 

The serious problem is the rapidly rising anti-Semitism which is mostly occurring under the media radar often going unreported by the national media and only found in local print and radio and television news. Synagogues across the United States and especially Europe and South Africa have security around their grounds most often armed whenever they are expecting a larger observance such as in the High Holidays, for Bar Mitzvahs of large families and every event where the numbers of people is substantial. In France, the government has placed the military guarding Synagogues and Jewish schools round the clock seven days a week. Germany has admitted they are unable to provide the coverage which would be necessary to provide for the safekeeping of Jewish schools and synagogues. French new President Macon also promises to continue armed guards at Synagogues and Jewish schools as reported in this article, “ France’s Macron vows to fight anti-Semitism online and off.” In neighboring Germany we read, “Police must guard every synagogue in Germany, says Merkel, which shows the seriousness of anti-Semitism there. Then we come to Sweden where even the New York Times is awake to the problem covered in their article, “The Uncomfortable Truth About Swedish Anti-Semitism.” The question which will be coming down the pike and soon require addressing is how can the United States protest every Jewish school and Synagogue should things start to approach the same levels of anti-Semitism as is being experience across much of Europe and other areas around the globe. Such a need would be a formidable challenge logistically and financially. This becoming necessary in the United States and Canada would bring on challenges beyond imagination as these two nations have more Jewish citizens than Europe by multiple of three-plus.

 

Anti-Semitism is rising around the globe while Israel continues to face challenges to her existence beyond anything faced before. Recently, Iranian Army Commander Brigadier General Kiumars Heidari has warned, Iranian Armed Forces “are much more powerful than before” and that “the date has been set” for Israel’s destruction, as he spoke in Tehran ahead of Iran’s Army Day. Iran has further claimed that Israel is now in direct confrontations with the Islamic Republic of Iran. This was over the Israeli strike against the control center which controlled the explosive armed Iranian drone was intercepted shortly after it entered Israeli airspace obviously on a mission to destroy targets in Israel. Iranian forces have recently been gathered closer than previous on the Israeli Golan Heights on the northeastern border with Syria. Add on the Gaza rioting and threats to breach the border as threatened by Hamas leader Sinwar that, “‘We Will Tear Israelis’ Hearts Out.” (see video below) Sinwar further threatened that the rioters, “eat the livers of those besieging (Gaza),” using an Arabic idiom that means to take revenge on someone. He has also explained about the violence that, “The March of Return will continue. It will not stop until we remove this transient border (the Gaza-Israel border).” Another of his threats is that, “March of Return affirms that our people can’t give up one inch of the land of Palestine. The protests will continue until the Palestinians return to the lands they were expelled from 70 years ago.” His claim here is the erasure of Israel completely followed by their cleansing the Jews from the population just as the Hamas Charter states along with their intent to murder every Jew on the planet.

 

 

Gaza-Israel Map with Rioting Image Insert

Gaza-Israel Map with Rioting Image Insert

 

These riots and rushes at the border fence with attempts to cut and breach the border fence are predicted to last six weeks in total and climax around the 11th to the 15th of May coinciding with the announcement of the moving of the United States embassy to Jerusalem (see above map and insert). Part of the aim is to influence the decision by President Trump and if Hamas, Islamic Jihad and friends in terror manage to cause sufficient violence and are able to cross the border marauding through southern Israel, there is their hope that this might deter the announcement. Hamas and friends are aware that they have numerous allies who will pressure President Trump from within the State Department and the Middle East departments which are peopled by Arabs and not that many Jews, like none. The rioting and the anti-Semitism in the Middle East and across North Africa is simply the level of hate which areas within Europe are approaching. There are those predicting that there may come a time where Jews will only be accepted residing in Israel and any Jews residing outside of Israel will face levels of anti-Semitism well over the top. Additionally, the nations of the United Nations will almost to an entirety will have turned on Israel and possibly have removed Israel from her United Nations membership and revoked the recognition of Israel claiming that they have dissolved the nation of Israel. Fortunately, the world will have sufficient other problems that the world will not be placing their armies on the Israeli border threatening her destruction. Eventually, this unbridled hatred will wane and Israel will gain acceptance. This will come about due to some simply facts. One is that despite how she is treated by the numerous national governments, Israel is often still the first to have people on the ground giving the necessary aid to people after a natural disaster. Israel is a nation that produces great advances in virtually every area from computers to agriculture to physics to medicine on and on. Israel has given the world everything from the technology for cell phones to instant messaging to drip irrigation to the cherry tomato and even more here and here. Israel will win the minds and later their hearts and it will become have relations with Israel or be left behind. Well, that is our hope at least.

 

Beyond the Cusp

 

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April 18, 2018

Various Thoughts of the Tunes of This Day

 

There are so many different and various things happening concerning Israel such that we decided we would just start writing and let if flow where it flows. Let us start with the idea that Israel is personally responsible for every and any genocidal conflict in the world. Israel must prevent Bashir al-Assad from wiping out his own people. Israel has to prevent Recep Tayyip Erdoğan from annihilating the Kurds, which would be nice if it would not involve the Russians. May we pile-on with the list and add the problems in Venezuela, the occupation of Tibet, the death hole that is North Korea, and every other place where peoples are suffering around the globe. These are the people who sprout the words from pouting lips speaking, “Tikkun Olam.” By this, they mean that Jews must, because of their tragic history and especially the Holocaust, the Shoah, the Jews must come to the rescue of every beleaguered people, and by the Jews, they mean Israel. Most of these Jews happen to live in places other than Israel, specifically the United States and Europe. These are Jews who often are at demonstrations for the Arabs claiming that the Israel they perceive is against everything they believe should be the core of Judaism. These people, as far as their belief system, are far closer to secular humanism and very far from Judaism.

 

The latest is the insistence, since the chemical attack in Syria, that Israel must end the carnage in Syria. Let us think this through, something we can be assured that these Americans and Europeans never bothered with following through. Syria is a meat grinder, on this we can all agree. Israel already treats anybody brought to their border at the Golan Heights. Israel has allowed each group to define what area they prefer to use and reached an agreement with everyone to respect these drop points. Israel provides free treatment to every person regardless of their status or other considerations and returns each to the exact place once healthy. Israel has provided these victims of the Syrian Civil War without charge with many being treated in the same place where we reside and our main BTC locations in Nahariya, at the Western Galilee Medical Center, which is the main hospital treatment center for much of the north of Israel (see image below). Some of these patients have required extreme care and long recuperation periods while others required long treatments for physical therapy and others were so badly injured they required multiple operations over months and then recuperation and other therapies. All of these have been provided at Israeli expense. This care has not been sufficient to please these preaching Tikkun Olam from afar. They demand that Israel also offer to allow thousands of Syria refugees to settle within Israel. Many of these people claim that such similar allowance would be the best solution to the Israel-Arab conflict. They claim if Israel would just allow for the Palestinians to have the State they demand with half of Jerusalem and allowed the few, five to eight-million, Arab Palestinian refugees to return to Israel everything would work out fine as Israel is a democracy and as such it solves all ills. They believe that an Israel with a majority population of Arab Palestinians would be safe due to democracy, and that once the Arabs form a ruling coalition without any Jews that the Jews would be safe and there would be no possibility of an Islamic State result. That is fine for these Americans and Europeans, but as Israelis, we have this demand that Israel survive as the Jewish State more than as a democracy where three wolves and two sheep decide on the menu.

 

Western Galilee Medical Center

Western Galilee Medical Center

 

But that is just the start of the craziness growing throughout the globe. There are those who feel the necessity to take their hatred of all things conservative, meaning all things Netanyahu and the ruling coalition in Israel which they cannot forgive for the sin of being capitalist instead of the perfect form of governance, social equality of communism, and claim that Israel has taken an insane amount of violence in their reaction to the perfectly innocent angels protesting with flowers in their hair peaceably in Gaza demanding that their lives be made better and their needs addressed by their occupying power, Israel and removing any blame for their situation from Hamas. Leading this insanity is none other than the socialist sweetheart of the far left, Bernie Sanders. His big claim is that disagreeing with Netanyahu does not make one anti-Semitic. He went into great depth about all the sins and gross negligence as well as the criminal actions at the Gaza border (see video below) in a long speech at the J-Street Conference. Senator Bernie Sanders believes that Israel is a blight to the planet and can only do harm because Israel does not follow his politics. He wants the United States to get fully involved in Syria and challenge al-Assad and his allies, Iran and Syria. This would bring the United States fully involved across the Middle East. Engaging with both feet and attempting to take charge of the entirety of the Syria conflict would cause the United States to be drawn into Iran as well and facing off Turkey preventing the genocidal assault against the entirety of the Kurdish population in Syria and likely following with Iraq and ending with the annihilation of the Kurds in Turkey leaving a mere remnant of this noble and ancient people.

 

 

The Kurds were promised a homeland just as were the Jews by the British and the British did all they could to prevent either population from attaining said statehood. The Jews declared their independence in 1948 and have fought numerous wars to protect their freedom. The Kurds made a mistake not declaring their independence after their decisive referendum declaring the desire for freedom and their own nation. The Kurds bent to the will of the United States State Department while the Jews went directly against the demands of the United States State department. What that says about the United States State department, we will leave that to our readers. The United States entering the conflagration which is Syria would result in the United States fighting in Iraq and then Iran and potentially facing off with Turkey and Russia. The worst consequence would be the obvious, World War III which might not require Russia as Iran easily could launch destructive nuclear attacks upon the United States including simple thermo-nuclear devices, EMP nuclear devices, Neutron Bombs, as well as chemical and biological weapons all easily delivered from their missile freighters or other Iranian ships, as told in this article, which are disguised as honest freight carrying ships and as such with their being flagged with licensing in various nations including Venezuela, Qatar, Nicaragua and even European licenses. How would one choose which ships to sink? We covered this more generally here. The final problem is how Putin might react to the United States playing in their flower garden which is Syria. That would promise to be potentially the greatest threat arising from a United States commitment to remove al-Assad.

 

The final item is the Palestinian Authority, which Mahmoud Abbas chose to use the PLO as the chair of his authority to speak, had doubled down on their demand that the United States can no longer be a guarantor of peace between Israel and anybody as Israel controls Trump. This is probably new to everybody in Trump’s Cabinet, both fired and newly hired, as it appears that at times even Trump does not control Trump. Still, the new threat from the PLO, which actually is logical, is that any peace plan which does not establish a second Arab state, unstated but obviously with Abbas at its head, is totally unacceptable as the Palestinian people in Jordan and the “West Bank” (Shomron), is a single people who must be granted two states. Only in the furtive insanity of Abbas does being one people mean they must have two nations. The interesting thing is the threat he made was that should any agreement not give the borders of the West Bank with half of Jerusalem as a Palestinian state, with him as King understood, will be rejected and if Jordan is involved in any way, the PLO will remove the Hashemite rulers of Jordan and then unite the Palestinian people of Jordan, along with those in the Palestinian Authority, into one nation under the rule of the PLO, placing him as King. This is the threat, they will not try to destroy Israel, they will destroy and conquer Jordan. What a wild deal is that. Well, we cannot say we have never seen this revolt before. We get a feeling that this outcome will be far more devastating than the September Surprise of 1970, Black September. There hopefully will come out of nowhere some alternative which most of the Shomron becomes Israeli natural borders. From there the migration will get assistance, if leaving now. Later such an offer will expire within one year. After that, any terrorist act from under your household, you leave, all of you. You are resident aliens under Israeli control. Do not look a gift-hoarse in the mouth.

 

Beyond the Cusp

 

March 27, 2018

Israel Standing for the World Day In & Day Out

 

This tale begins on the borders of Israel and the community known as the MENA* States. In the southwest, Israel has a present provided her by President George W. Bush and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, which has all the fingerprints of being hatched in the Deep State parts of the Department of State, the only department in the American government to get every decision wrong from day one. They supported paying the ransoms and protection demands from the Barbary Pirates and were willing partners in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPA) which also goes by the name of the Iran Nuclear Treaty. They advised against recognizing Israel in 1948 and have opposed providing arms to Israel in every Arab Israeli conflict and were behind the Liberty intercepting Israeli military communications and providing them to Egypt, the real reason behind it being struck was because of said spying. They advised President Reagan to punish Israel for striking the Osirak reactor where Saddam Hussein was planning to make nuclear weapons. They supported President Obama in revealing sensitive information shared by Israel as agreed in private treaty when Israel told of several plans to attack Iranian nuclear sites by shaming whichever Arab or Islamic state had agreed to provide some level of aid from Saudi Arabia to Azerbaijan. They also told Israel that nothing could go wrong in permitting the Palestinian Authority (PA) an opportunity to show their honest desire to create a working and normal democratic state by pulling completely out of Gaza and turning it over to the PA. Within two years they lost it to Hamas and Islamic Jihad and friends and the rest is history. The State Department also supported providing aid money even knowing that much of it would be given to Hamas and has worked tirelessly against President Trump at every turn. Former Secretary of State Rex Tillerson fit in at the State Department like a hand in a glove which is why he was likely fired. We figure that if violence were to flare up between Gaza and Israel over the Israeli habit of destroying infiltration tunnels constructed by Hamas and Islamic Jihad, the State Department would claim that the two terror groups had a viable complaint as these tunnels are expensive and rebuilding them prevent the rebuilding of apartments and other structures destroyed from the last two wars thus Israel is causing stress and difficulties for the people of Gaza and doing so without feelings of remorse.

 

Further south, Israeli border problems take a very strange turn for the unpredictable. Here they border the Sinai Peninsula belonging to Egypt but controlled by Islamic State, Hamas, Islamic Jihad (last two based in Gaza), al-Qaeda, criminal gangs, Muslim Brotherhood backed groups, Wilayat Sinai, Ansar Bait al-Maqdis, Tawhid al-Jihad, Abdullah Azzam Brigades, Hasm Movement, Jund al-Islam, Takfir wal-Hijra and a myriad of other names and tribes of whom you have likely never heard. This was the situation which the al-Rawda mosque in Bir al-Abd was attack and over three hundred people were murdered and a Russian passenger plane was bombed falling from the sky and so many other attacks that Egypt has secretly granted Israel freedom to engage and even requested assistance on a few select occasions. The Sinai Peninsula has some of the roughest areas on the globe in its central spine where one could hide an army from easy detection, let alone strike forces from terrorist groups and training facilities (see image below). Israel has acted with great caution only attacking in support of Egyptian troop movements providing air support. Israel does not intend to take such measures such that she gains a new active border to add to her already serious border problems. Israel will attack when struck from the Sinai Peninsula, especially when such attacks come from Hamas, Islamic Jihad or other Gaza entities. There have been any number of such instances and the responses from Israel eventually included attacking their training places in Gaza. Israeli willingness to strike within Gaza for those attacks out of the Sinai quickly brought such attacks to a close as there was no longer any benefit if Israel was going to strike Gaza as part of their response.

 

Mountainous Sinai Peninsula

Mountainous Sinai Peninsula

 

Moving to the opposite end, at the north there is Lebanon which means Hezballah. The world must accept that Lebanon and Hezballah are one and the same as Hezballah is now part of the government and the ruling coalition, has taken control of the Army meaning they have also taken control of Abrams main battle tanks, M-113 armored personnel carriers, M-198 Howitzers and other American aid provided by President Obama after receiving guarantees that the Lebanese Army and Hezballah were completely separate entities. The fortunate item is these American arms did not include fixed wing aircraft. Still, Lebanon has capable fixed wing aircraft of Russian manufacture plus they have taken an unknown number and types of weapon systems from the war in Syria where they are allied with Syria and thus Russia and Iran.

 

This brings us to the Golan Heights in the North East bordering the sausage grinder known as the Syrian Civil War. Syria also has Hezballah and all their gained weaponry. Russia is there but has stood down concerning Israel and appears to have reached some agreement with Israel for sharing Syrian airspace. This is what has permitted Israel to strike Syrian, Hezballah and Iranian targets in Syria without facing Russian aircraft in combat. The dangers to Israel in Syria come largely from Iranian and their IRGC (Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps) forces which are in reality a second and possibly larger and better-trained military augmenting Iranian regular military placed in charge of foreign insurgencies and operations. These were the units which aided in the planning and commission of the attacks on the AMIA (Argentinian Israelite Mutual Association) and Israeli Embassy bombing and very likely took part in the murder of Natalio Alberto Nisman, Argentine Prosecutor of the AMIA bombing case. Iran has a long arm with the IRGC, not to mention a great degree of credible deniability. The destruction Iran can deliver virtually anywhere on the globe was proven with the AIMA bombing (see image below). On October 11, 2011, United States officials alleged there was a plot tied to the Iranian government to assassinate Saudi Ambassador Adel al-Jubeir in the United States. The entire width and breadth of Iranian perfidy may never be known, but the one thing history has proven is such evil must be faced as early to its discovery as the reality is waiting only permits it to grow stronger and the forces which will have to eventually fight it grow weaker.

 

Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina Building Bombing Aftermath

Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina Building Bombing Aftermath

 

There is one more front which is to the east between Israel and the Jordan River which the world calls the Occupied Territories. The reality is it was the occupied territories before the Six Day War when Jordan occupied lands which were promised Israel under the San Remo Conference and several following treaties all the way forward to Article 80 of the United Nations Charter. After the Six Day War, eventually Jordan reached a peace treaty of 1994 where Jordan released her claims to these lands and they should have reverted to Israel. The Arabs residing within these territories mostly held Jordanian citizenship and should have been deported to Jordan or permitted to resettle wherever they chose outside of Israeli lands. The world decided that instead they would use these Arabs as tools to destroy the Jewish State. Over time the Palestinian People were invented and a mutated copy of Jewish history was woven and the world decided that this was reality. This front might actually be the most stable and predictable front and the one which poses the least problem at this point in time as it is the only one not under Iranian influence as of yet. There is a current continuing series of stabbings and vehicular rammings which are being spawned by a bounty put on every Israeli’s head. If the terrorist is imprisoned, they receive a healthy salary and if they are killed their family receives a healthy pension. The reward presumably lasts for as long as the PA has money. This is also the front where the European Union and a number of European nations practice their shams to make Israel look evil. The European Union places housing presumably for Palestinians to live in but the homes are placed in an illegal location with no planning, no electricity, no plumbing and below any reasonable building codes and are uninhabitable. These houses are put up for one reason and only one reason, to force Israel to destroy them at which point European politicians decry the demolition of these homes. Immediately thereafter the European Union puts these uninhabitable homes back up and when Israel destroys them again the same politicians claim how horrible the destruction of Palestinian homes has become. Believe it or not, the European Union reconstructed these homes again and the same results. We are waiting for the fourth construction which is sure to follow, look for it. That completes the tour as thusfar Jordan has not presented any problems but things can change.

 

Now we will cover the main problem, Iran. One might say that Israel has Iran to the south of her, Iran to the north of her, Iran to the northeast of her, and Iran now capable of taking position to the west of her on the Mediterranean Sea using Syria and Lebanese ports for supplies. Additionally, there is the threat of the Iranian bomb, the Iranian nuclear bomb, the Iranian thermonuclear bomb, the Iranian thermonuclear bomb miniaturized and packed atop any of the myriad of Iranian missiles, many developed in conjunction with Iran’s nuclear and missile developmental partner, North Korea. What we have always found difficult to understand, how is it that North Korea has developed a complete range of nuclear weapons and guided missiles, and Iran has shared in the development and testing of those missiles, how is it that the Iranians were completely left out of the nuclear weapons development. We fear they were not and have just as complete an armory of nuclear weaponry and the missiles to deliver them over a very wide area of the globe (see map below) which is made far greater by the addition of the territories in Syria and Lebanon as well as the Tri-Border-Region in South America. Given the additional launching locations, Iran can strike almost anywhere on the globe. This is why intelligence agencies in the West must make determining exactly what armaments the Iranians already posses their number one priority as to procrastinate this task would be criminal or an idea the State Department would convince Congress was wiser.

 

Ranges of Iranian Missiles

Ranges of Iranian Missiles

 

Iran is the greatest threat to the world, even greater than North Korea, China, Russia and anything else one might propose. One of the reasons is that Iran has its paws into numerous pies, many of which are terrorist in nature such as Hezballah, Hamas and Islamic Jihad. They also have the IRGC which has a global reach and well trained in the commission of terrorism including but not limited to bombings and assassinations. They have already established their Shiite Crescent reaching from the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea passing through from Iran to Iraq and Syria and Lebanon and with Yemen they gain control over the Red Sea and thus the Suez Canal. They also have influence in Gaza with direct influence over Islamic Jihad and often are able to make deals with Hamas. They also arm Islamic Jihad, Hamas and Hezballah. They operate training in South America in an area where the borders of Argentina, Paraguay, and Brazil seen in a map here. Iran is attempting to take control of the Islamic world and should they take control over Mecca and Medina as well as the Saudi oil fields, they might be able to claim to become the leader of Islam and have Sunni Islam be replaced with Shiite Islam as numerous Arabs convert pledging their support for Iran. This could lead to Iran controlling the entirety of the MENA nations which would leave Europe vulnerable. Iran is a threat gathering and this is a storm which if left ignored would be an even greater error than the Munich Pact. What makes this even more perilous is that this time it will not require anybody signing an agreement, that has been done already with the JCPA, but only require good men to do nothing while evil men plot, scheme and make irreversible gains.

 

Beyond the Cusp

 

*MENA means Middle East & North Africa

 

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