Beyond the Cusp

July 11, 2017

What if the United States Does Not Respond?

 

The threats abound all around the globe. Let’s start here with Saudi Arabia and Egypt, along with more minor states such as the UAE, Bahrain and, in a pinch, Jordan are in serious dispute with Oman, thus with Iran and Turkey plus potentially Russia. Syria is a whirlpool of conflicts with more sides than one can reasonably figure with Bashir al-Assad as the so-called President of Syria being protected by Iran, who is also fighting a proxy war in Yemen in order to surround Saudi Arabia, and Hezballah with assistance of air power from Russia and funds from Qatar as one power; the Islamic State as a diminished but still dangerous threat; al-Nusra allied with other al-Qaeda and Muslim Brotherhood terror fighters aim to defeat and replace al-Assad and rule Syria; the Kurds who are allied throughout Iraq as well as Syria and only wish to make a new nation of Kurdistan and wish to be left alone and have received aid from the United States in secret; Turkey who claim to be fighting the Islamic State but are actually fighting the Kurds as Erdogan has an ethnic hatred for the Kurds who are the new Armenians in the politic of Turkey who would ally with Iran if a general war were to break out in the Middle East. This defined the current mess in the Middle East (diagrammed below) without Israel who could easily be considered an enemy of every groups mentioned above with the possible exception of Russia who would remain neutral or aid the Arabs quietly.

 

Middle East Guide to Conflict and Syria c/o ElderOfZiyon.com

Middle East Guide to Conflict and Syria c/o ElderOfZiyon.com

 

There is another area of conflict much overlooked by the world and the media apparently refuses to comment except if an exceptional distress and disaster strikes the region, and that is a swath across Africa, which has been named the African Transition Zone. This area (pictured below) stretches from the Atlantic Ocean through Mali, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, the two Sudans (Sudan and South Sudan), Ethiopia, and Somalia to the Indian Ocean. The zone strikes across Africa just south of the Sahara Desert reaching into the heart of the continent and delineates the borders between the Islamic world and the worlds of Christian and Animist Africa and all the rest of the non-Islamic peoples. This is a war of terrorism and slaughters trying to drive the non-Muslims from their homes and take the territories after which the war will continue southward until the entirety of the continent has been washed clean and made wholly the realm of Islam. The violence and murdering will not cease until one side has vanquished the other or Islam turns within itself and discovers a means by which it purges the Quran of verses such as those we posted yesterday and instead follow the verses of the Quran written in Mecca where coexistence and the goodness of humankind was the theme rather than the violence of the verses written in Medina which we explained in very simple means and little depth here. This is “a war between civilizations,” “between the civilization based on the Bible and between the civilization based on the Koran exactly as described by Professor Moshe Sharon. He was close as that is the main war as far as the Western World is concerned, but the reality is it is a war of one civilization, Islam, as they have declared war on the entire world, it is simply that the world is refusing to believe the truth, the fact of what they all face and they have a choice, face it together and prevail or fight it separately and they will each fall one nation at a time, one culture at a time and one civilization at a time until there is only one civilization; Islam. That is the reality which need be learned.

 

African Transition Zone

African Transition Zone

 

There is a war starting across Europe and reaching to the United States. As far as Western World and its culture are concerned, this war began with Israel, though the Western World is doing everything to deny this fact. Europe used to distrust everything Israelis said and ignored when the Israelis warned that there would come a time when Europe would face the same threat and it was really sad that it would take this for Europe to understand what Israel faced. The Israelis were wrong. The Europeans, particularly Western Europe, or Old Europe, are facing the initial stages of terrorism and the terror war (map below denotes terror attacks since 9/11) and they still doubt Israel claiming that Israel is insincere about peace and this is the cause of the problem. The Europeans are blinded by their continued anti-Semitism, which has begun to spread itself into everyday European life, and many Jews are beginning to realize that they have no home in Europe and that it is time to return to their true home, Israel. Yes, a fair number are choosing the United States and will find that home too will become less than comfortable over time. As terror increases, the rest of the peoples will initially blame the Jews making the claim that the entire conflict began because the Jews would not return the lands they purportedly stole from the Palestinian Arabs. This ignores the millennium and a half war which began as the Arab Muslims spread from the Arabian Peninsula to conquer the Middle East followed by Northern Africa (MENA) and have made three attempts before the present one to conquer Europe and are still attempting to conquer India, another conflict which could turn nuclear between India and Pakistan, so note this as another point of potential open and serious warfare. The Islamic warfare in Europe will continue politically and physically through terrorism and the courts with their claims of Islamophobia and hate crimes as their means of enforcing Sharia, the subjugations of the European societies. Additionally, there is also a Province, Xinjiang Province that has approximately fifty-percent Muslim of which virtually all are of the Uyghur ethnicity, which has its origins in Turkey.

 

Map of Terrorist Attacks in Europe Middle East and North Africa after 9/11

 

The final nation causing turmoil in the world is North Korea whose leader, Kim Jong-un, has continued testing and developing missiles and nuclear weaponry. The North Koreans have been working coordinating with the Iranians with each nation testing weapons technology for the other when it suits skirting sanctions. This has led to suspicions that Iran has tested some missile technologies in the past for North Korea while North Korea has likely tested nuclear weapons for Iran. Of course, each nation, Iran and North Korea, have conducted their most sensitive technologies themselves. The one item on each of these belligerent nations to-do list is the conquest of the world, or at least large swaths of area and both have an overriding hatred for the United States. This hatred could drive them to attack other nations so as to force the United States to act. In the case of Iran it might be a nuclear weapons attack on Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Israel or make an assault upon a smaller target such as Bahrain, UAE, or Oman which would cause Saudi Arabia to defend any of these nations as they are all members of the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) which is an economic and mutual defense pact. North Korea has often made direct threats to destroy South Korea, Japan and/or the Philippines. These three have direct defense pacts with the United States. North Korea, when they say destroy, they mean they would use either overwhelming conventional weapons or nuclear weapons alone or in combination with conventional weapons in order to annihilate the entirety of the lands leaving the ruins relatively to completely uninhabitable. They do not mean conquest in the normal sense, they honestly mean to completely eradicate the cities and thus strip the remains of any and all wealth, which remains to continue the rule of the Kim family.

 

Should the violence erupt to the point that the world sits up and takes attention and every eye turns to Washington D.C. to watch for the coming action of the United States, one must wonder how the world would react if the Congress demanded that the President sit this war out or face impeachment and the President decided not to test the Congress and ordered the Pentagon to stand down. This is the big question, what if when World War III breaks out with everybody pointing their weapons at everybody else and only a select few nations are spared threats, direct or otherwise, and the United States is not under threat or targeted directly. This was the case at the beginning of World War I where the Austria-Hungarian Empire, Germany and the Ottoman Empire went to war against the Empire of France, British Empire, Russian Empire and Japan, yes, Japan. That pretty much was the entire world outside of parts of the Americas and much of Asia outside of the areas under control of Japan. The United States sat back watching as the continent of Europe drew lines in trenches across the Eastern and Western fronts and fought across the lands included in MENA controlled by the Ottoman Empire against the French and British colonial holdings. Even Arab tribes broke from their Ottoman Turkish overlords to fight with the British, as did the Jews of the British territories in the Middle East, all for promises from the British and the French. They were double-crossed as the British and French had already made arrangements reaching an understanding known as the Sykes-Picot Treaty, which divided up the entirety of the MENA lands, as well as redrawing the lands that were the Austria-Hungarian Empire. Also reached was the San Remo Agreement, which formalized the Balfour Declaration.

 

World War I, the Great War, began on July 28, 1914, and it was not until after the sinking of the Lusitania on May 7, 1915, that the United States first considered entering the war as they finally declare war on Germany on April 6, 1917, and later on the Austria-Hungarian Empire on December 7, 1917. World War I ended on November 11, 1918. The United States entered World War one three years after it began and the war ended a little over a year and a half later and only about a year after they declared war against all the entities engaged in the war. World War II was not all that different as it began on September 1, 1939, and ended on September 2, 1945, while the United States only entered the war after Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The odds were a little better this time around, as the United States entered the war two year and two months after the start and the war concluded just under four years later. One can only wonder whether the United States would have ever entered World War II at all or how much longer had it taken had they not been attacked, another year, two, three, when the Nazis and Japanese closed in on the Americas? That is the question, when would the United States enter the next World War? Even the wars with the Barbary Pirates was only entered by the United States after their shipping had been under attack and the price paid for protection was raised too high that war was the more affordable option. That was the first time the United States warred with Islam. There were two Barbary Wars. The third war the United States had with Islam was in 1911 in the Philippines fighting the Morro Tribes as a result of the Spanish American War; their descendants are the ones fighting the Philippine government today on Mindanao.

 

So, what does the world do if the United States decides not to react to an attack on one of their allies? The one thing we can believe is that should the Americans sit any such attack out that every enemy of the United States will feel free to attack whomever they please and the world will erupt into complete and total chaos with nobody looking over their shoulder for the United States to act. They will have shown a total lack of concern and that will be taken as a go signal by every aggressor worldwide. Eventually the Americans will enter, but how many will have died before that happens. These are unpleasant considerations which must be addressed by a world on the edge, a world threatening to fall beyond the cusp.

 

Beyond the Cusp

 

July 2, 2017

Time is Ticking and Storms are Brewing

 

A couple of weeks back we wrote a fairly vague article titled Some Cataclysm This Way Comes where we wrote that something unpleasant is brewing and then spent time speaking of how wars start from the smallest of things and can become worldwide actions. Things are heating up as the Syrian debacle winds itself down and Iran takes control over much of the Syrian territory. The most important area in Syria is a triangle initially identified by Mark Langfan in an article here (map below). The area is marked by the three cities of At Tanf, Abu Kamal, and Ar Rusafah. The area was, and some still is, held by Daesh, also called Islamic State. It is important because it controls the Iraqi-Syrian border through which Iran is now able to pass any and all military and other equipment they require freely and without interference and far from prying eyes. Of course, everything is visible both day and night to the satellites and to their eyes in the stratosphere which can read the book left open in your lap while you watch the children play. Their sight is almost as sharp at night as in midday. These are owned by the major players who are currently both diddling in the same sandbox called Syria. As was in the good old days, they are not on the same side but at least they are not entirely opposing one another. While President Vladimir Putin is supporting Syrian President Bashir al-Assad, President Donald Trump has been backing the Kurds. Both sides are fighting against Islamic State while Bashir al-Assad and his Iranian allies are attempting to destroy every Sunni group backed by Saudi Arabia. It is hoped that President Putin has at least taken the precaution of telling his “friends” to leave the Kurdish troops, the Peshmerga and civilians alone even if they are apparently Sunni, after all the Sunni did not particularly like the Kurds either. Then there are the side players, which obviously includes the Saudi Royals as well as Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan who has already felt the wrath of Russian President Putin and thus has altered his target from al-Assad to the Kurdish civilians and their Peshmerga fighters. Soon he may hear from President Trump or perhaps President Trump would have President Putin make a polite request that Erdoğan simply pass on everything Syria if he would like to be on everybody involveds’ good side. The real mess in Syria includes Iraq which is also attempting to cleanse their nation of Sunnis one way or another. All of this is to realize the Iranian dream we have been mentioning for quite some time, the Shiite crescent from the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea. Iran has accomplished its objective over the past eight years with the blessings and condoning eyes of the Obama administration. All that is left is to clean the route up and secure it for the rest of time granting them free access to the Israeli border whenever they so desire. What is reassuring for Israel is that Iran has other fish they so dearly desire to fry first and that also gives the world time to wake up to what is coming as Iran wants to control the world. That is correct, we have one more contestant who desires world conquest and apparently, President Erdoğan appears to have signed on as he has been providing troops to Qatar, the possible flash point at the moment.

 

Syrian Triangle as Reported by Mark Langfan

Syrian Triangle as Reported by Mark Langfan

 

Currently Qatar has been playing a game of nerves using their media outlets to attack the Saudi Royal Family calling into question their religious observance and morals. They have accused the Saudis of allying with Israel and being the stooge of the United States. They have used Al-Jazeera, the print, on-line and television in these attacks. This started when right before President Trump made his visit to Saudi Arabia where he met with fifty Arab national leaders. There had been an agreement reached with Qatar, UAE, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia to purchase weapons and Qatar broke from the deal followed by Bahrain and UAE leaving Saudi Arabia holding the bag for the entire deal. Soon after the meeting with President Trump, Saudi Arabia led the Gulf States in pulling their ambassadors from Qatar and started to apply diplomatic and economic pressure on Qatar. Qatar has not even given the slightest sign of backing down. Additionally, one can be assured that Iran will back their friends in Qatar. Additionally, Turkey has chosen to side with Iran as well and has sent troops to Qatar. Where this will lead is anybody’s guess, and there are too many twists coming to even guess at this point. Iran is not likely ready to press too far quite yet as they have too many fronts, where they are facing opposition. They are not only stuck in the Syrian civil war but also the war in Yemen. Iran has their eyes on Saudi Arabia, and particularly the oil fields as well as Mecca and Medina, the Islamic Holy Cities. Their plan is and always has been to have two fronts, Iraq and Yemen. They also require such an attack to be made when they can apply their full force and all of this requires that they finish their wars in Yemen and Syria. The time to worry will come when the civil wars in Syria and in Yemen jump to a higher level of violence, and it will be a significant increase. When that increase brings the wars to a close, then Iran will begin their plans to replace Saudi Arabia as the main force within the Arab Middle East. That will be the start of the Iranian hopes to make Shiite Islam the dominant form of Islam replacing Sunni. After Saudi Arabia, the next target will most likely be Egypt, the most populous Arab state.

 

Obama wanted to have Iran take charge from Saudi Arabia and rule the Middle East. This will, at some point, run directly into President Trump and his backing of the Kurdish communities. What is the saddest part is the Kurds are pawns in a far larger game and they only desire one thing, their own land and to be left in peace. Unfortunately, and this is something Israel knows all too well, peace in the Middle East is a luxury bought with eternal vigilance and a very competent and well armed military. The only thing the Middle East respects is the ability to use and dispense force, and it will spread to North Africa if not stopped early. The coming struggle for the Middle East will likely be sparked through Qatar using some border infringement, real or falsely started just as the war with Poland was initiated by the Nazis which led to World War II. This all rolls back to another of our themes, there are still national leaders who have the concept of world conquest as an achievable goal and that they will be the ones who will finally accomplish the feat. Yes, I know that the nations of the Western World have long given up on world conquest while many leaders in the remainder of the world have not yet surrendered on that concept. Among the nations which still consider world conquest as something they believe could be in their future in the recent times have included Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s Turkey, The USSR, China, who may still have that idea, Iran, which definitely believes the world will become their oyster, and we are sure that there are or will be others as also in the recent past include, please do not laugh, Venezuela. The nations believing they should rule the world are a slightly longer list, but there are some crazies out there who believe they will conquer the world and we would be remiss if we did not mention our favorite certifiable dictator in North Korea, Kim Jong-un. We will need to wait and see but for the safety of the world and sanity’s sake, could somebody please change the leadership in Iran before they cause some growing conflagration? Please.

 

Beyond the Cusp

 

July 1, 2017

United Nations and the Kurdistan Independence Referendum

 

The United Nations has withdrawn any participation for monitoring or otherwise supervising any Kurdish resolution for establishing their own state in what would formerly have been Iraq. The Kurdish claim has many facets of which there are two that are most mentioned. The first has been their treatment under Saddam Hussein and his Baathists as well as the Sunnis who supported him whose joint actions included attempted ethnic cleansing, nerve agent attacks on civilian targets, military attacks upon civilians and refusal of representation in the government. The second of these is the current government made up predominantly of Shiites who have refused all attempts by the Kurds to receive promised recognition, suppressed any requests for addressing needs of the Kurdish population and further has refused to provide the promised share of government revenue. Further, the current Shiite government is closely allied with Iran who have proven problematic for the Kurdish population of Iran as well as harassed the Kurds residing in Iraq. Since both other major sects who would likely rule Iraq in any future have proven to mistreat the Kurds, their only recourse is to act to take leave of their former rulers and form their own governance. It is a pity they do not have a Thomas Jefferson to draft a formal document dissolving all ties the Kurdish community has with Iraq. But thus far, the greatest blow has been the refusal of the United Nations to address the Kurdish situation or to even grant them some supervision for their referendum.

 

The Kurds of Iraq and Syria could together form land sufficient for a nation and would permit the Kurdish populations of the areas to unite against their common enemies and establish their own borders and then be able to defend that border against the Islamic State and all other forces as required, which the Kurdish militias have already undertaken. About the only things currently lacking from the formations of lands forming the nation of Kurdistan, are the recognitions by other nations of their sovereignty. The Kurdish People are choosing a correct path for the formation of their state with the referendum, especially if all residing within their territorial area, which would include the Yazidis, and the intent to allow them participation in the new nations, especially the Yazidis as they are related closely to the Kurdish People by language and culture. As for nations who should recognize the referendum and its outcome, we will hit that further into the article.

 

There are other reasons why a nation for the Kurdish People is necessary and proper. The British had promised the Kurdish their own nation after World War I for their assistance in fighting the Ottoman Empire, something the Turkish People have never forgiven. The British broke their promise folding to Arab pressure to place these lands and the oil under them with Arab control of one of the sons of the Arab King Faisal who aided the British as well. This resulted in Iraq and Jordan being ruled by his sons before revolutionary coup removed the King in Iraq while the Hashemites still rule in Jordan. Jordan was cut from the British Mandate thus taken from the Jewish Zionists who had no power to prevent such a move and Iraq was extended to include the Kurds who were unable to prevent their promised land being stolen. It appears the British had a weakness for seeing all things through the eyes of the Arabs and had little cause to promote their other promises as the Arabs opposed these other deals, the formation of the Jewish state of Israel and the formation of a Kurdish state of Kurdistan. The Kurds, like the Jews, are rejected by the Arabs despite the vast majority of Kurds being Muslims (the Christian Kurds are the Yazidis) as they are not Arab and have pretty much been a closed society with little intermarriage with the Arabs which so many other peoples did to their detriment. So, we have probably just touched on the reason the United Nations had backed away from overseeing anything to do with Kurdish independence, the Arabs plus Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and particularly Syria’s Bashir al-Assad, which probably places Russia and Vladimir Putin against any Kurdish independence.

 

Of course, President Erdoğan has designs on the Kurdish lands as he has stated he will fight the Islamic State but he has a price for his fighting them and that is to expand Turkey to include Aleppo, Syria and Mosul, Iraq. President Erdoğan is not satisfied with his current position nor the borders of Turkey and has designs on a Greater Turkey, which includes all of the Kurdish lands and beyond (see map below). President Erdoğan seeks to destroy, completely wipe out, or at least significantly diminish any Kurdish influence or presence in these lands upon which he has set his sights. He seeks this Greater Turkey as his first step towards the reestablished start of the Ottoman Empire with himself as the next Caliph. This is part of the reason much of the Turkish troop movements and air engagements have been against the Kurdish areas which he claims are his brave fighters taking on the Islamic State. President Erdoğan’s troops would likely fare better if they were fighting the Islamic State as the Kurds have proven to be a powerful enemy; but Erdoğan has his close ties with the Muslim Brotherhood and has sent troops to assist in the defense of Qatar, as he opposes Saudi Arabia, seeing them as the major challenge to his aspirations.

 

Greater Turkey

Greater Turkey

 

Finally, Erdoğan wishes to eliminate the Kurdish population much as his predecessor Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire Mehmed Talaat Pasha performed genocidal efforts against the Armenians from 1880 right up through 1915 into World War I. On 29 May 1915, the CUP Central Committee passed the Temporary Law of Deportation (“Tehcir Law”), which granted the Ottoman military authorization to deport anyone it believed to be a threat to national security. Using the Tehcir Law, mass property seizures of Armenian properties ensued and the Armenians were simply executed for resisting deportation and having been deemed a threat to the nation of the Ottoman Empire. We can see very similar claims coming from President Erdoğan against the Kurds both within and beyond his borders. President Erdoğan with his claims to a Greater Turkey has already annexed and confiscated in all manners the lands of the Kurds which is leading to his attempted genocidal removal of the Kurds. Erdoğan will find the Kurds far more difficult and troublesome to remove than the disarmed Armenians were to the Ottoman troops, an armed population always has greater rights which extend as far as they wish to defend them.

 

Our Idea for a Proposed Kurdistan

Our Idea for a Proposed Kurdistan

 

That brings us to the best reason for many nations, of which we will drop a few names, to monitor and validate the Kurdish referendum. Should they vote, an all but foregone conclusion, for independence, they should immediately recognize their nation of Kurdistan and grant this nation lands which include all the Kurdish lands in Iraq, Syria and Iran, as well as Turkey, should Turkey be so foolish as to declare the land for Turkey and ensue their referendum with an invasion, something which is very conceivable. The first two nations who should jump at the opportunity to recognize a proposed Kurdistan and even recognize at the least the lands in northern Iraq as well as the Kurdish areas in northeastern Syria are the United States and Israel, but for separate reasons.

 

The United States upon the declaration of the nation of Kurdistan should open relations so as to be able to arm the Kurdish Army, formerly the Peshmerga Kurdish Militias, for two-fold reasons. The first is so they can continue their efforts against the Islamic State, much of which is defensive in nature, and second that they will be capable of resisting any attacks by the Iraqi government and especially from the Turkish government. The United States might even go so far as to threaten Turkey’s President Erdoğan that any encroachment or attacks on independent Kurdish lands could result in the United States supporting a referendum amongst the Kurdish communities of south eastern Turkey to secede from Turkey and join the lands of Kurdistan and be ruled by the Kurdish government. This would be a large step towards disassembling the grievous error which was the Sykes-Picot Agreement (map at link) which divided the Ottoman Empire with complete disregard for tribal allegiances and borders thus splitting tribal lands between nations and placing rival tribes within the same borders leading to disruptions and inability for normal governance. This led to strong man dictatorial regimes which were unstable and a source of perpetual grief. The United States would be doing themselves and the world a favor by taking the first and a great and large step towards dissolving the arbitrary lines of the Sykes-Picot Agreement and allowing for normative lines and relations to be developed. This would be a step towards solving much of the strife found within the Arab and Muslim world which were part of the Ottoman Empire.

 

Israel should recognize the Kurdish nations, Kurdistan, simply because they would make natural allies. We realize that Kurdistan is Sunni Muslim but also recognize that they are not Arab and the Arabs have always given the Kurds the back of their hand against their cheeks, and that was when they were feeling sympathetic. They have attempted genocide on the other days, both Sunnis and Shiites. The Kurds and Israel have had secretive agreements over the years and it would simply be natural for the two to form an alliance of mutual support. Israel probably would not be expecting to sign any mutual defense treaty, at least not formally, but they could make for good trade partners and a way for Israel to reach into the Islamic world having a sympathetic inlet. There are just too many similarities as both were stolen from by the British, the Kurds somewhat more as they lost their entire promised nations. Israel recognizes such unfairness and the support for righting such wrongs, just as the United States does, well, more often than not. Lastly, Israel can always use one more friend from amongst the nations of the world.

 

The United Nations should recognize the rights of the Kurdish People for self-rule. But as that would be the right and proper thing for the United Nations to do, it is unlikely that is what they would do. It is a given that with the Arab world against the establishment of Kurdistan that it would come down to how the Nonaligned Nations (NAM) voted, as normally they back the Arabs; but this is a nation shaking off the wrongs of colonial injustice, something the NAM nations usually support such as South Sudan. But Kurdistan would not be in Africa or Asia but rather in the Middle East; so they may simply figure it is none of their business or interest and thus split making the vote likely to be negative. Further, in the Security Council it can be depended upon Russia in support of Iran and Syria and thus also Iraq to use their veto if needed and China for similar reasons as well, so recognition of a Kurdish nation by the Security Council would most definitely delay any hope they would have for joining the United Nations, that is assuming they would desire such a badge of shame. Let’s face it, belonging to the United Nations has not exactly been a bed of roses for Israel as she has gotten only disrespect and dishonored by the institutions of the United Nations. Only the WHO has recognized Israeli achievements and their work with underdeveloped nations and any nation suffering a crisis. So, the United Nations and Kurdistan would be a big ‘if’ at best. Still, we here continue to support the Kurdish People and pray they get their state and it includes all the Kurdish People and Turkey allows their Kurds who desire to relocate without any impositions such as special taxations, fees, demands they surrender their property, denial of funds from financial institutions, military force to retain them or other unnecessary impositions. Allowing them to safely depart is far more preferable than your other idea, genocidal wiping the Kurds wherever you can find them to build your nightmare Caliphate on their dead bodies as that is an abomination.

 

Beyond the Cusp

 

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