Beyond the Cusp

April 22, 2019

Terror Strikes Sri Lanka

 

Already the death toll has been reported to be approaching three-hundred and is likely to exceed that number when the final count is known plus approximately five-hundred have been wounded after three churches and three hotels were targeted with explosions this Sunday in Sri Lanka. The hotels struck were the Shangri-La, Kingsbury Hotel and Cinnamon Grand; all of which are high end luxury hotels favored by tourists, specifically European and other Western nations. The churches attacked were St Anthony’s Church in the capital, St Sebastian’s in Katuwapitiya, north of Colombo, and local media has also reported a church in Batticaloa in Eastern Province (maps posted below). The targets are obvious, western tourists and Christians attending Easter Mass. We pray that these are the last of such on this day so holy to much of the world. Yet another attack has been reported at a house in Mahawila Gardens, Dematagoda which caused an ensuing fire.

 

Sri Lanka Map Displaying Terror Strike Locations

Sri Lanka Map Displaying Terror Strike Locations

 

 

Central Colombo and Terror Bombing Locations in the Capital City of Sri Lanka

Central Colombo and Terror Bombing Locations in the Capital City of Sri Lanka

 

There is no mystery to why terror strikes holy places on the most holy days of the year. In military jargon, these are target rich environments, when your main two goals are to murder as many infidels as possible and causing fear around the world for as many people as possible. The next question would be, why Sri Lanka. One reason is that the terrorists have easy access and another is these attacks will make the news across the world potentially causing some to forgo Easter Services this year. To some in Islam, this would prove a lack of faith and devotedness by Christians thus proving to them that Islam is the superior religion, the more powerful religion.

 

There have been signs that the Arab and Islamic world, the ones the mainstream media always adds the classification of extremist or other denotation implying that they are not “real” Muslims. But Muslims are encouraged to attack non-Muslims, specifically Christians and Jews (some fatwas include Buddhists and Hindus as well as any idolater, agnostic, atheist or any unbeliever essentially as they have expanded definitions in the Quran over the years broadening the areas and regions which are to be brought under Islam. Eventually, Allah has promised that Islam will be the only religion practiced on the Earth. We found these definitions explaining the difference between offensive Jihad and defensive Jihad and under what conditions each is practiced. Assuming we read them correctly, every Muslim leader is required to employ offensive Jihad against the Kuffar such that there would never be the need for defensive Jihad as the Muslims would always be the aggressors which would so terrorize the Kuffar that they would live in abject fear too frightened to attack the Islamic regions because of their greater strength. From what we read, the Muslims are either performing offensive Jihad to sufficient levels, otherwise they will face defensive Jihad. This would imply that Islamic nations which border any non-Islamic nation, they are either to make periodic attacks, at least once or twice each year, so as to place the fear of the Jihadists to such a point that these nations would never even consider attacking their Islamic neighbors. What if their neighbors had no intention of ever attacking their Islamic nation? This would be interpreted as proving any offensive Jihad was working exactly as in the Quran and the Hadiths. This is a self-fulfilling set of prophesies as if an Islamic is attacked, it is punishment for not being forceful enough in their offensive Jihad and if they are not attacked, that is because they have fulfilled their required offensive Jihad.

 

The terrorist attack in Sri Lanka is not an isolated case. Across the world there have been a consistent number of terrorist attacks mainly on Churches, Synagogues and Temples. There is the ongoing war waged by Boko Haram against the Christians and Animists in the regions centered on Nigeria but spreading across the entirety of the African Transition Zone (see map below). It was in response to these attacks that the French deployed troops to Mali to assist in preventing an Islamic takeover of that nation by force. The problems in Somalia are threatening of spreading into Kenya and there is still ongoing violence by the Sudan against the breakaway nation of South Sudan. Many of these internecine wars have existed for years and have simply become more intense over time. This violence is in addition to the tribal warfare still going on across Libya. And the violence between Islam and the rest of the world is not limited to Africa.

 

African Transition Zone

African Transition Zone

 

Terror has become a worldwide epidemic reaching into virtually every nation. In France over five-hundred churches have been firebombed or otherwise attacked since 9/11. The number of attacks worldwide is absolutely astonishing as depicted in the map below. We believe the yellow dots are domestic terror attacks such as the referenced “lone wolf” terror attacks while the red are parts of international terrorism. The numbers of attacks are indicative of where Islam is targeting. Currently the concentration has been in the Western world, specifically the regions under Judeo-Christian influence and the regions neighboring Muslim countries. Watching the news, one does not get much of a feel for the frequency and near universal direction where these attacks have targeted. The media attempts to cover up terrorism by downplaying the attacks. Often, as soon as such violence is perpetrated the media and the applicable law enforcement agencies including, or especially, the FBI immediately claiming that the attack definitely is not terror related. Then, after a few days when the news of the attack is all but forgotten comes the admission that it was indeed a terrorist attack. This is already counted as old news as the attack was days ago and the media has moved on thus the admission becomes back page news buried deep in the paper.

 

Terrorism Attacks 1970-2015

Terrorism Attacks 1970-2015

 

Eventually, the terrorism will reach such a point that it will no longer be something which can be ignored or minimized. When the people finally call upon the government to stand up and actually act to prevent these attacks. The people will demand that the government not only address the terrorism within the national boundaries, but to attack the sources and remove the people who are behind the attacks wherever in the world they may be found. Until that point is reached, these attacks will continue and only increase in frequency and severity. When will the world finally take the spreading terrorism seriously? Not until it becomes such a problem such that it can no longer be ignored. Government seldom take care of problems when they might be easily addressed but wait until the problem becomes impossible to leave along the side of the media coverage and becomes central to the news cycle as it has risen beyond any reason. This is a growing problem that will be pushed aside and the claim that it is beyond their ability to address as the government will wait until the people are willing to accept further curtailing of their freedoms in response to the attacks. The government never wants to address problems until they can use the problem in order to gain additional power depriving the citizens of rights such that the government gains more control. The government will demand that the people grant it additional power and accept restrictions to their freedoms before they will finally act and accept that the problem exists. Some places have already reached the point where they had no choice but to address the problem such as Israel, African Transition Zone, India and a growing situation across Europe. The United States is trailing Europe by a mere five years or there about. How long before this reaches a head? We wish we could tell you but that is beyond our ability of prognostication.

 

Beyond the Cusp

 

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August 9, 2018

Christian Genocide in Nigeria

 

Israelis are not the only people whose suffering goes unnoticed by the mainstream media. Just as the fields of Jews burning near the Gaza border went unreported by much of the media and the mortars and rockets launched into Israel were ignored and only when Israel responded did reporters take notice merely to claim that Israel was shooting innocent peaceful demonstrators. Had the Gazans been peaceful instead of launching incendiary devices and shooting at IDF positions, then the reporters would have had nothing to report, as the IDF does not engage those who do not pose a threat. Just as the video we posted yesterday showed, there were Hamas terrorists shooting at IDF positions who were then engaged by an IDF tank crew which destroyed their built-up bunker killing the two terrorists within. But we are not going to talk about Hamas and Islamic Jihad or their continuing assaults on Israeli communities with their incendiary balloons and kites or their engaging IDF positions with live fire in attempts to kill the soldiers. Today we are going to talk about the slaughter which has been mostly uncovered in Africa and in particular, the terror campaign ongoing from Boko Haram in the area centered in Nigeria.

 

Just last month, over a span of four days, militant Islamic Fulani herdsmen embarked on a killing spree that reduced a dozen Nigerian villages to dust and claimed the lives of at least two-hundred innocent Christian men, women, and children. These were the villages of Nigeria’s Plateau State and were considered, according to Open Doors an organization serving persecuted Christians; the region was “the epicenter of Christianity in northern Nigeria’s Middle Belt.” This was nothing short of a genocidal cleansing of a region of all who were not Muslim. According to reporting, “No fewer than 120 persons were weekend killed in several villages in Barkin Ladi, Mangu and Riyom local government areas of Plateau State in fresh attacks by gunmen suspected to be herdsmen, while over 200 others sustained gunshot injuries.”

 

The Plateau State chapter of Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) issued a statement in Jos, the state capital, signed by the Publicity Secretary, John Akans stated:

“We received with rude shock the level of genocide going on now in Gashish District, Razat, Ruku Nyarr and Gana-Ropp, all in Barkin Ladi Local Government.
“We also note with great pains the dastardly attacks ongoing in many other local government areas in the state by the militias.
“We condemn in the strongest terms the level of continuous genocide of Plateau people. At the moment, Barkin Ladi is under siege with over 130 people feared to have been killed. As at time of this statement, the (SOM) CAPRO School of missions Gana-Ropp is under heavy attack by the militias.
“This unholy act of systematic genocide and the destruction of the cultural heritage of Plateau people must stop.
“We call on the international community to come to the aid of Plateau people as, besides the over 130 people killed, many are missing.”

 

Summarizing World Watch Monitor reports, that dusk to dawn curfews have been ordered and in what has been perceived as a ‘lukewarm’ attitude towards the ongoing murderous violence, President Muhammadu Buhari, who is seeking a second term in the coming February 2019 elections, condemned what he called “painful” and “regrettable” killings and expressed his “deepest condolences to the affected communities”. To his credit, Buhari also announced an unprecedented deployment of security forces in the region, including two police surveillance helicopters, five armored personnel carriers, three Police Mobile Force (PMF) units, two Counter-Terrorism Units (CTU) and Police Intelligence Units, and conventional police personnel from other states. Perhaps these reporters desired a more overt response like perhaps an Army Battalion being sent to the area to conduct maneuvers as part of a training exercise. That is always a great excuse for placing a large contingency of potential forces in an area to calm the natives, so to speak. Below is a video report from World Watch Monitor featuring the Reverend Gideon Para-Mallam on the situation across Nigeria.

 

 

Where these attacks have been mostly portrayed as Muslim on Christian violence, which is valid and a definite problem in central Nigeria where the northern Islamic regions and the southern Christian regions meet, one must also include the natural enmity between herdsmen and farmers which is as old as recorded history and even before. Remember Cain and Able, one the hunter, the forerunner of a herdsman, and the other a planter and gatherer, the forerunner of the farmer, and how their brotherly relations went afoul. There are plenty of reasons but the level of the violence does play more to the religious differences than anything else.

 

Burnt Remains of Home in a Christian Village in Nigeria

Burnt Remains of Home in a Christian Village in Nigeria

 

For many, particularly among the Christian communities in the Plateau and other Middle Belt States like Benue and Nasarawa where Fulani militias have been causing havoc, there is a feeling of déjà vu. Some might remember the attacks by Boko Haram during the terms of President Obama when they kidnapped three-hundred Christian girls from a school in Nigeria and threatened to sell them as slaves. Many might remember Michelle Obama’s famous picture (see below) where she was holding a sign which read, “#BringBackOurGirls” with the most dour look on her face signifying her great concern and compassion and her sharing their pain. This episode was all part of a similar series of attacks in central Nigeria somewhat east of these current attacks. Back during that episode, to President Goodluck Jonathan’s credit, it was reported that his government efforts included two special battalions from the military tasked solely to the search for those missing girls. Some of those young girls escaped and gave reports on where they had been held and a fair number, but not all, of the young women were eventually recovered.

 

Michelle Obama holds a sign with the #BringBackOurGirls hash tag

 

In a FrontPageMag.com report, they state that community members insist that these attacks are part of “a grand plan to Islamize Nigeria.” According to a Dr. Soja Bewarang, the murders are “no longer farmer and herder clashes” but, rather, a “deliberate attempt to conquer and occupy the land of the people’s ancestral heritage.” What makes these killings even a greater tragedy is the near complete lack of mainstream media coverage with absolutely or next to nothing reported on the nightly news. Americans and Europeans are left completely uninformed about the Islamic war against Christians going on in Nigeria and the rest of northern savannah in Africa where the Islamic regions which extend down from the Mediterranean Sea meet the Animist and Christian regions of central and southern Africa in what is called the African Transition Zone. This zone reaches clear across Africa from Somalia to Senegal. The lack of coverage of the problems in this region cannot be laid at the feet of President Trump any more than they could be used to place blame on President Barack Obama, President George W. Bush, and President Bill Clinton to as far back as one desires to go. The last Presidents to challenge the Islamic terror presence in Northern Africa were President Thomas Jefferson and President James Madison during the First and Second Barbary Wars. Some have referred to President Reagan’s brief encounter with Libya as the Third Barbary War, humorously we hope. Still, what is happening along the borders of the Islamic World and the Animist and Christian Worlds in Africa is a travesty only exceeded by the lack of interest by the mainstream media. Choose whatever reason you prefer for their lack of coverage, the victims are people of color, the perpetrators are Islamic and they fear being tagged as Islamophobic, there is no glory or sensationalism, to them it is old news as it has been continuing for decades now and they reported on it once or whatever other lame excuse fits your fancy. Whatever their reason, people are being murdered in the hundreds and even into the tens of thousands over the decades long history and unless it has some unusual twist such as when Michelle Obama and the world momentarily cared about three hundred young Christian school girls abducted in the middle of the night with a number of school officials murdered for attempting to prevent the attack, then the media sat up and paid attention, momentarily. We would like to ask and challenge, where are the media now?

 

Beyond the Cusp

 

February 12, 2018

The Forgotten Front in Terror War

 

The forgotten front in the terror war would mean to eradicate yet another group claiming ties to the Islamic State, the same entity of which President Trump promised to rid the world. Of course President Trump meant and everyone understood that this meant from Iraq and Syria, there one so-called rebirth of the Caliphate. He did not mean to also eradicate the Islamic State everywhere some group claimed to be part of the Islamic State. That means the presumed rebirth of the branch originally started by al-Baghdadi in the Sinai Peninsula, let alone the forgotten front which spread across much of Africa in what is termed the Transition Zone. The most likely area which the Islamic State claims to be operating from has shifted to the Sinai Peninsula between Egypt and Israel (see map below). The Islamic State operates at times with the assistance of the Hamas terror rulers of the Gaza who are capable of arming and training members of the Islamic State as Hamas operates in the Sinai Peninsula in order to broaden their border for attacking Israel. Hamas has also cooperated with the Islamic State a few months back in launching rockets into the Israel southern port city of Eilat at the southernmost tip of Israel. Thusfar, the Islamic State has not taken any direct credit for attacks on Israel always allowing Hamas to claim credit. It was the Islamic State which took credit for the planning of an explosive device which downed a Russian air carrier’s Jet this past summer. The flight originated in Sharm el-Sheik and was destined to return to Russia when it crashed into the Sinai Peninsula after the bomb was detonated. The most recent development was Egypt granting Israel permission to overfly the Sinai Peninsula to make airstrikes on the Islamic State. The fact that Egypt sought Israeli assistance in their fight with the Islamic State has not as of yet shown any actual warming of relations, but this was still a step towards perhaps some form of détente which could only benefit relations between these neighboring countries. This may have been something which we will eventually be informed that the hands of President Trump had some amount of massaging. It is very possible that Egypt sought the assistance of the United States and President Trump advised Egyptian President Sisi that he had a very capable neighbor who could assist at a similar level of capabilities as could the United States and perhaps he might seek Israeli assistance and give Prime Minister Netanyahu a call. President Trump has implied heavily that he would prefer for the problems in the Middle East be addressed and solved by the nations of the Middle East. He probably talked with the leaders of the MENA area and likely told them that they need to cooperate more with Israel even if such cooperation were not done openly initially. President Trump has made it clear he desires the Sunni Arab States normalize relations with Israel as a leading step in solving many of the area’s difficulties. Cooperation between Egypt and Israel against the Islamic State and Hamas as well as the other terrorist entitles operating in the Sinai Peninsula and Gaza, as these are a threat to both nations’ stability, and at least their peace of mind. This cooperation in conducting air strikes could be the first step.

 

Sinai Peninsula

Sinai Peninsula

 

Islamic State in the Sinai Peninsula and Hamas in Gaza are not the forgotten front in the war against the Islamic State. Perhaps it has slipped everyone’s mind that Boko Haram pledged their loyalty to the Islamic State when it was known as ISIS believing them to be the rising star of Islamic superiority. Despite their failure in Iraq and Syria, Boko Haram has continued to operate spreading terror across Nigeria and many of the neighboring nations including Niger, Chad, Burkina Faso, Benin, Togo, Ghana and beyond (see map below). Some of the reason the world has not intervened more is these nations are just as suspicious of European and American assistance as they are threatened by Boko Haram part of the Islamic State. These nations are very aware of their recent history in the past with European colonialism and fear inviting any return of the Europeans as they fear that doing so would give these nations the opportunity to interfere with more than the assist with the terrorists and they know that already the European industry, and to a lesser extent the Americans as well, grabbing up much of the African raw material wealth such as iron and other ores, coal, oil, lumber and other even more rare and precious materials such as diamonds and other gems and the rare metals such as gold, platinum and silver. These nations though still developing are aware that they will have just as much if not greater need of these raw materials and thus cannot just allow Europe to mine them dry. These suspicions are well founded but also ignore a greater threat, resurgent Islam.

 

Map of Nigeria with Africa

Map of Nigeria with Africa

 

What much of the world has chosen to ignore or may actually be blind and unaware that the one of the greatest colonialist empires of all history second in size only to the Mongol Empire at its height is the Arab-Islamic Empire which reaches from the Atlantic coast of Africa to the Philippine Island of Mindanao in the Pacific. As we have covered repeatedly, the Arab-Islamic conquest came out from the Arabian Peninsula and spread rapidly as the other empires were all in their declining years and collapsing thus leaving a great area of weakness. The Arabs first spread across the entirety of the Arabian Peninsula where they cleansed these lands of its large and prosperous Jewish and Christian merchants, traders, caravan drivers and tradesmen through conversion, exile or death and gave the idolaters the choice of conversion or death thus the vast majority converted, at least outwardly. The next expansion of the Caliphate conquered the last vestiges of the Persian Empire, the Levant which included the Israelite homelands which had the main body of Jewish populations and much of the Hebrew heritage including the permanent capital of the Hebrews, the Jews, Jerusalem plus the center of the religious history in such areas as Hevron, Tiberius, Caesarea, Nazareth, Shechem, Bethlehem, Jericho and Beersheva. This expansion also pushed back the Byzantine Empire to the walls of Constantinople as well as taking Egypt and along the southern Mediterranean Coast. The final expansion reached the outskirts of Tours where The Hammer Martel defeated the Islamic forces ending that advance and the Islamic advanced into India where that conquest dragged to a halt.

 

Islamic Conquests Under the Caliphs

Islamic Conquests Under the Caliphs

 

Islam had been adopted though altered slightly when taking root in the southern Philippines and in Indonesia and other areas in the Far East. The further expansion of Islam was performed under the rule of the Ottoman Empire which, though greatly contracted, lasted until World War I where they joined Germany and the Austria-Hungarian Empire which lost to the Allied Powers of Britain, France, Italy, Japan and near the end, the United States. This led to the Sykes Picot Agreement, the Mandate System which allowed for the formation of the Jewish Homelands, and the dividing of the rest of the MENA nations by the European powers. The European colonial rule lasted less than a century making it all but irrelevant when compared to the Arab-Islamic and Ottoman-Islamic rule which lasted from approximately 650 until the end of World War I in 1915, which is more than a twelve-hundred-fifty years Islamic rule. Additionally, since the European powers left and even under their rule, the area remained under the influence of Islamic faith. The Islamic ruled world still reaches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Philippine Islands (see map below). Islam is still expanding with some claiming it is in another period of conquest and the main area they claim is under siege is Europe as the Syrian and other refugees pour into Europe arriving by boat and land as they make their way from North Africa, Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and as far as Eritrea and Somalia. What will be the end result of the Islamic advances into Europe is something which will require watching, but still we need speak of the forgotten terror war and Islamic State.

 

Display of the Muslim Nations of the World in the Middle East, Asia and Northern Africa in Green with Israel depicted in Red making the relative size of Israel evident and consisting of under one percent of the land mass

Display of the Muslim Nations of the World in the Middle East, Asia and Northern Africa in Green with Israel depicted in Red

 

The Islamic State branch called Boko Haram is a threat to the larger western parts of the African Transition Zone (see map below) and has been active for the past three decades if not longer. The war of terror is waged between the northern area under Islam attempting to spread southward and convert or replace the Christians and Animists residing along this belt. France was involved assisting areas which were once French colonies and still have a sizeable French population. The United States has provided Special Forces to assist with training and tactics in Niger and Nigeria. The United States worked largely with the African Army, a group made up of forces from numerous central and southern African nations. These troops are a fine example of nations uniting for their mutual defense and that is the greatest example of mutual assistance we can see today. The problem is that Islam utilizes a tactic which makes defense expensive and eventually Islam will expand until the world either surrenders to Islam or unites to stop their encroachment. Part of the reason for this is the belief that once land has been touched by Islam, then it becomes Islamic permanently and must never be permitted to fall into the hands of others to rule. This is part of what is behind the Islamic refusal to recognize Israel and allow the Jews their ancestral homelands and why in many Islamic texts and maps that Spain is referred to as Andalusia and is claimed to be an Islamic country. The ruler in Spain since 1692 and the reconquest of Spain by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella who also implemented the Spanish Inquisition to cleanse Spain and return it to Catholicism. Still Islam claims that one day Spain will return to their rule.

 

African Transition Zone

African Transition Zone

 

The Boko Haram kidnapping of young women and turning them into sex slaves or forced marriages and forced conversion is something which should enrage every free person of the world. The idea that just because this is happening in Africa thus that makes it of less importance is as nefarious an idea as we can find. The people under this threat deserve the complete and total assistance just as much as anywhere else on the planet. The way we treat the least amongst us is how we are to be judged. The spread of Islam is occurring on at least four continents if not across the entirety of the globe at some stage. Central Africa in this Transition Zone is one of the major regions under assault; Europe is another with the influx of Islamic refugees who are surprisingly largely male adults of military age without women or children. The intent is probably to marry and then convert women which will permit the children to be Muslim and prevents these women from marrying a Christian or human secularist and having non-Muslim children. There has also been a definitive increase in violent terrorism largely of Islamic origins. Islam is also pressing into Central Asia though this is a far quitter front. Lastly, Islam is working to make inroads into the United States through the public education systems, the colleges and through the politics as they infiltrate the power structures of the Democrat Party largely and attempting some infiltration of the Republicans as well. So that means that Islam is working to some extent in Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and has a large area of control in South America in the Tri-Border Area (see below). About all that leaves are the Island continent of Australia and Antarctica free of Islamic pressures, for now.

 

Tri_Border Region of South America Terror training haven and Iranian proxy state in the Americas and Base of operations for the 17 March 1992 Israeli Embassy Bombing murdering 29 injuring 242 and the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA) 18 July 1994bombing murdered 85 injured over 800 and now we must add the murdered Argentine Prosecutor Alberto Nisman to AMIA fatalities

Tri_Border Region of South America Terror training haven and Iranian proxy state in the Americas and Base of operations for the 17 March 1992 Israeli Embassy Bombing murdering 29 injuring 242 and the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA) 18 July 1994 bombing murdered 85 injured over 800 and now we must add the murdered Argentine Prosecutor Alberto Nisman to AMIA fatalities

 

One can only wonder what it is going to take for the world to fully realize that it is under assault and has been since 622 when Islam first set out to conquer the world. Then the world was smaller but the more they conquered, the larger the quest became as more and more of the world was revealed. Islam will never stop of its own volition; it will take outside pressures to make it modify its activities. Islam must conquer the world because the Quran dictates that the entirety of the population of Earth must surrender to Allah and follow his laws under Islam and there can be no other religion. That includes Atheists as a religion and secular humanists are considered idolaters and thus to be converted. There is no means around their belief in what Allah demands of them, complete surrender of their will, accept their predetermined lives and conquer the world for Allah. The rest is simple, do exactly as the Imams instruct and Allah will reward you, do not surrender to Allah, then you will be amongst the damned. The Quran claims to be the last and final world from Allah. Muhammad claimed to be the final Prophet and his revelations were to replace all which had come before replacing Christianity and Judaism with Islam and Muhammad was to be the last reformer and after him there would be nothing more. This is the premise in the Quran and it is to be accepted by all on Earth or they are to be put to the sword. One can have no other faith but Islam as long as Islam continues on its current definitions and the rule of Abrogation which places the violent teaching of Medina as the preeminent teaching and the teachings of Mecca which run counter are abrogated and nullified. That means the peaceful parts of the Quran have been replaced. The difficulty is the Quran is arranged for memorization with the shortest verses in the front and the longest verses at the end. It is not in chronological order or any other arrangement which makes sense other than for memorization starting in one’s youth. This is why the words of the Imam in their teaching are so important, change what they teach and Islam is altered. That is the challenge for Islam, the challenge for the remainder of the world is to force such an alteration in their Imams teaching or otherwise force Islam to live peaceably with the rest of the world’s religions.

 

Beyond the Cusp

 

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